Theme: Conflict (Resources)

Article: Radio Maendeleo and the regional peace process in Eastern Congo

Keywords: Africa, Congo, English, report, study, radio, media, ethics, conflict, edutainement, entertainment education As one of the few independent media outlets in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Radio Maendeleo (RM), a local community radio station based in the town of Bukavu, the provincial capital of the South Kivu province, has broadcast content of political and development nature for the past nine years.

Article: Radio Talkshows for Peacebuilding Guide

Keywords: International, English, French, guide, radio, education, entertainment education, methodology, conflict resolution, religion, ethnicity, race, national identity, resources for media, all organizations   This is a guidebook, not a workshop or conference report. It has been written for radio broadcasters who produce or present radio talkshows1 in countries or regions where there is conflict. It focuses mainly on conflicts between groups, peoples or countries which either are or risk becoming violent. Some broadcasters may be familiar with some of the ideas, but the authors hope that it also contains a lot of new and useful material.    Radio Talkshows for Peacebuilding Guide [EN].pdf  Radio Talkshows for Peacebuilding Guide [FR].pdf    

Article: Radios Africaines pour la Paix

Keywords: International, Africa, French, radio, journalism, reporting, peace, conflict resolution, guide, ethnicity, race, migrants, resources for media, civil society organizations, media organizations RAPP examines the role of radio in general, and specifically the role of community radio, in times of conflict. On top of analyzing the positive and negative effects of radio affecting conflict, RAPP also seeks to present new techniques and competencies in this domain. Radios Africaines pour la Paix - un guide [FR].pdf

Article: Refugees and Asylm Seekers: Headlines, Myths and Reality

Keywords: Western Europe, UK, English, refugees migrants, media, study report, media ethics. The UNHCR in the United Kingdom monitored the British media’s coverage of refugees and asylum seekers – and then researched the reality. It found that many headlines were a long way from reflecting the truth. (UNHCR) Refugees and Asylm Seekers - Headlines, Myths and Reality [EN].doc

Article: Report From The Open Society Foundations - “Muslims in Marseille”

The At Home in Europe Program of the Open Society Foundations has published its report “Muslims in Marseille”. This report offers unique insight into the daily lives and experiences of Marseille’s Muslim and non-Muslim residents in the 3rd arrondissement. Based on qualitative interviews with 300 people including local officials, members of civil society and community leaders, the report explores various spheres of participation by its residents, their needs and concerns, and to what extent local policymakers and communities understand and engage with each other to realise these needs. The Marseille study is part of an 11 city reports series, entitled “Muslims in EU Cities”. Findings from the Muslims in Marseille Report Among Muslims 55 per cent said they felt they belonged to Marseille, while nearly 70 per cent of non-Muslims indicated a sense of belonging to their city A sense of belonging to France was not strongly pronounced, with Muslims declaring significantly less attachment to France than non-Muslims People in the 18th arrondissement were not divided by their basic values: 67 per cent stated that “people in this neighbourhood share the same values”, a score that is unexpectedly high More than 40 per cent of Muslim and non-Muslim respondents agreed that racial prejudice is prevalent and widespread For the whole report click the link:  

Article: Reporting ethnic minorities and ethnic conflict; beyond good or evil

Keywords: International, English, ethnic, minorities, journalism, conflict, print Since the late 1980s nationalism, nationality, identity, migration, ethnicity and race have re-emerged as major issues in Europe. Items about them appear almost daily in the media. The journalists assigned to such stories often find them difficult to cover.

Article: Representation and reality of the complex Balkan conflicts: photography, newspaper article and the documentary

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, Italian, Balkans, conflict, photojournalism, media, documentary, newspaper article, Osservatorio Balcani, print A study about the different ways of treating the Balkan conflicts by the media. The photojournalism, the newsaper article and the documentary, between reality and representation. Here they are presented the case studies of Claus Bjorn Larsen, Gill Peress, Paolo Rumiz e Andrea Rossini.

Article: Roma School in Mali Krivak

Keywords: South Eastern Europe, Serbia, English, Roma & travellers, media content White Butterfly elementary school in Smederevo, a city 40 kilometers away from Belgrade, was opened without the usual noise and festivities. Nobody was there to cut the ribbon, there weren't any speeches, toasts, or floodlights...... (by Milosav Slavko Pesic - BETA - MDI, 2002) Roma School in Mali Krivak.doc


Article: Serbian Propaganda: A Closer Look

Keywords: International, South East Europe, English, radio, conflict, race & ethnicity, religion, ethics & diversity. Noah Adams speaks with Serbian journalist Milica Pesic who has been studying Serb propaganda. She discusses how the Serb government has used the media to manipulate public opinion. Milica Pesic, Director of the European Center for War, Peace, and the News Media, discussed Serbian propaganda on April 12, 1999, on National Public Radio's All Things Considered. Serbian Propaganda - A Closer Look [EN].doc For more information, visit:

Article: Sex Sells

Keywords: International, Africa, English, entertainment education, media, conflict, HIV AIDS, education “Yeken Kignit” (“Looking Over One’s Life”), a radio soap opera that gripped much of Ethiopia for 257 episodes beginning in 2002. The show had all of the elements that make serial dramas popular: sex, romance, mischief, betrayal, suspense. But the wildly successful program – which reached more than one half of Ethiopian adults during its two-year run and sparked a craze for naming baby girls Fikrite – wasn’t designed just for entertainment. Produced by a small US organization called the Population Media Center (PMC), the show was written with the express purpose of encouraging family planning, women’s empowerment, and HIV/AIDS awareness. Not all the listeners knew this, however, and that was also the point. Sex Sells [EN].docx


Article: Shame of a Continent

Keywords: All Europe, media content, roma & travellers, conflict, social diversity models They are the forgotten people, persecuted throughout history, murdered in their hundreds of thousands by the Nazis, seen as second-class citizens in much of eastern Europe. And soon the countries that treat them worst will be our EU partners.

Article: Shifting Sands: The Impact of Satellite TV on Media in the Arab World, is a report produced for CIMA, by Deborah Horan

CIMA is pleased to release a new report, Shifting Sands: The Impact of Satellite TV on Media in the Arab World, by Deborah Horan, a veteran journalist with extensive experience reporting from the Middle East. Today, media in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are freer than they were a decade ago, with a proliferation of satellite television news channels leading the way. Arab newscasts cover events in real time, sometimes scooping their Western competition with spot news coverage of regional events. Government-run media have been forced to compete or lose audiences. Yet most governments in the MENA region have managed to retain a tight grip on media, whether through the arbitrary application of restrictive and vague press laws or limits on media production. This report examines the positive effects satellite coverage has had on the media environment and the reasons why the region still lacks overall media freedom. On the Web site there is a comprehensive bibliographic database of media assistance resources with information on more than 800 reports, articles, books, and manuals related to the media assistance field..

Article: Situation of Islamic Communities in five European Cities

Keywords: All Europe, English, French, German, discrimination, report, case study, Islam, EU, conflict, human rights, print This EUMC report adopts such a practical and positive approach. It demonstrates that comprehensive action against the many inequalities that afflict our societies is often most effectively taken at local level. This is where solutions are developed in partnership, where practical actions are implemented by those who are directly affected, and where diversity is lived on a daily basis. EUMC Situation of Islamic Communities in 5 countries [EN].pdf EUMC Situation of Islamic Communities in 5 countries [DE].pdf EUMC Situation of Islamic Communities in 5 countries [FR].pdf    

Article: Study on Salafis in Bosnia by Dr Srdjan Puhalo

Keywords: Bosnian, Bosnia and Herzegiovina, salafism, Salafis, study, reserach, media, journalism, all media formats, resources for media After spending two months with members of the Salafi movement in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a social psychologist Dr Srdjan Puhalo published a detailed study on salafis and salafism. He dedicated one part of the study "Salafis in Bosnia and Herzegovina" to the media portrayal of Salafis. “They are not terrorists. They are not strange or deviant. They have a specific way of living and they have their own understanding of Islam. Also, they are not a homogenous group as many Bosnian media portray them,” said Dr Puhalo in an interview with the Media Diversity Institute (MDI). Selefije u Bosni i Hercegovini

Article: Study: How does the media on both sides of the Mediterranean report on Migration?

Keywords: International, English, diversity in general, journalism, media, migration, migrants, refugees, ethics, Ethical Journalism Network, International Centre for Migration Policy Development, all media formats, resources for media Media in many countries on both sides of the Mediterranean are under-resourced and unable to provide the time, money and appropriate level of expertise needed to tell the migration story in context. This is the main finding of the study "How does the media on both sides of Mediterranean report on migration?” conducted by the Ethical Journalism Network on request of EUROMED Migration IV, a programme financed by the European Union and implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). In this study journalists from 17 countries have examined the quality of migration media coverage in 2015/16 from a national perspective. The study covers nine EU countries: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Spain, Sweden as well as eight countries in the south of the Mediterranean: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia. How does the media on both sides of the Mediterranean report on migration?  

Article: Television and Multiculture

Keywords: South East Europe, English, media diversity, report, study, media, religion, ethnicity & race. Multiculture in the media is a top issue all over the world, particularly generated by terrorists attacks on the United States, and it is used in the media to prevent a conflict between Islam and Christianity. In South East Europe, a multinational region with acute conflicts, coverage of these issues brings up many dilemmas, both in aim as well as content. (by Radenko Udovicic - SAFAX news agency, Media Online news column, 2001) Television and Multiculture [EN].doc

Article: The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans

Keywords: International, Balkan, France, Charlie Hebdo, journalism, freedom of expression, terrorism, Islamophobia, study, guide, ethics, diversity, all media formats The study “The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans” analyses how the Balkan media as well as political and religious leaders responded to the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris, while also taking a close look at legislation of freedom of speech in the countries. “The attacks against the French journalists stirred vivid emotions and considerable reactions, without, however, increasing the Islamophobia in the region. The debates failed to critically tackle the role and limits of the freedom of expression in relation to the freedom of religion. Apparently, the freedom of expression has fewer and fewer supporters even among the media professionals”. These are the main conclusions of the report The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans. The study was based on national reports prepared by media experts in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The report – the first in a series of six dedicated to freedom of expression in the region –  is part of the program South East European Partnership for Media Development, implemented by a consortium of media organizations from Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania. The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans.pdf

Article: The expression of Identity

Keywords: Rest of the world, Sri Lanka, English, national identity, cultural identity, social diversity models, conflict, resource for media and NGOs, print, online This is an article written by Sanjana Hattotuwa, Senior Researcher, CPA published in The Sunday Leader on the 22nd of March 2009. The article talks about the existing link between language and culture, and the current cultural division in Sri Lanka, due to the use of two official languages within the country: Sinhala and Tamil. These languages, explain Hattotuwa, are not mere tools of communication but they define people’s cultural categories.  The expression of identity [EN].pdf

Article: The Jewish community in Tunisian Cinema / La communauté juive dans le cinéma tunisien (only in French)

Keywords: International, Middle East & North Africa, Tunisia, French, ethnicity, race, national identity, ethics, religion & belief, cinema, diversity, article, conflict, resources for all, print This French piece by Ferid Boughedir analyzes the depiction of the Jewish community in Tunisian cinema, commentating on its evolution and characteristics. The Jewish community in Tunisian Cinema [FR].doc

Article: The Language of Hate: A Slip of the Tongue or Racism

Keywords: Eastern Europe, English, ethnicity & race, media diversity, article. Hatred of minorities and 'others' has grown noticeably in Russia in recent years, writes Sergey Lukashevskiy. This atmosphere of hatred has an effect on the way that people speak, including the way language is used in the mass media - language that has the power to control as much as disseminate ideas. (Sreda/Moscow Helsinki Committee) The Language of Hate - A Slip of the Tongue or Racism [EN].doc

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