Theme: Freedom of Expression (Resources)

Article: Defence Handbook for Journalists and Bloggers

Keywords: International, English, journalism, bloggers, defence, law, regulations, privacy, freedom of expression, security, restrictions, prosecution, Thompson Reuters Foundation, Reporters without Borders, Paul Hastings, all media formats, resources for media The Defence Handbook for Journalists and Bloggers focuses specifically on the application of international legal principles to the work of journalists. It includes decisions and recommendations made by international and regional bodies and courts in relation to various aspects of freedom of speech, including: international sources of law giving rise to freedom of expression and freedom of information principles; defamation; the right to privacy; protection of public order and morality; and national security and state secrets.

Article: Discrimination and violence against women in Tunisia / Discriminations et violences contre les femmes en Tunisie (only in French)

Keywords: Africa, Congo, French, diversity, journalism, survey, case study, journalism, freedom of information & diversity, resource for all, print This is a “Reporteurs Sans Frontieres” survey of the assassinations of journalists in the capital of South-Kivu. In 3 years 3 Congolese journalists were assassinated in Bukavu. Three crimes destined to punish journalists or their media for having revealed the wrong information. This survey by RSF finds shocking truths behind the lines.  Discrimination and violence against women in Tunisia [FR].pdf    

Article: Diversity of Cultural Expression / Convention sur la protection et la promotion de la diversité des expressions culturelles

Keywords: Western Europe, French, English, diversity in general, culture, document, media ethics & diversity, freedom of expression & diversity, resource for all, print This French document sets out a convention that seeks to multiply diversity and different types of cultural expression, so that individual, group and societal creativity is promoted and encouraged, and reflects theses peoples cultural identities.  Diversity of Cultural Expression [FR].pdf

Article: Diversity, Globalization and the ways of Nature

Keywords: International, English, Spanish, globalization, diversity, Nature, book, culture, information, education The conquest of the Americas was the first step on the path to globalization. Today, 500 years later, we are rapidly approaching the prophecied global village and, consequently, natural and cultural uniformity.

Article: Don’t mess with freedom of expression

Keywords: The Netherlands, English, Dutch, freedom of expression, human rights, print, resources for all News Article; Dutch Justice Minister Ernst Hirsch Ballin and a majority of MPs say the arrest of cartoonist Gregorius Nekschot (a pseudonym) was not politically motivated. However, some of the opposition could not disagree more and fear that freedom of expression is being curtailed Don’t mess with freedom of expression’ [EN].doc

Article: Essays on Danish Islamophobia

On September 30 2005, the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published 12 cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad, some of which were extremely demonizing in their outspoken anti-Muslim symbolism. Four months later violent protests erupted outside Danish embassies in some Muslim countries, and the terror threat against Denmark increased dramatically. Yet what happened during those four months, and could the escalation of the crisis have been prevented? Was it simply about freedom of speech and a "clash of civilizations" or were other agendas in play? This is the introduction to an essay written in 2010 by idea historian and humanist Rune Engelbreth Larsen in 2010. Though there have been many books, thousands of articles and a number of TV programs dedicated to analysing the events surrounding the Danish cartoon crisis, few commentators have taken as much care and time as Larsen to explore its origins. The full text of the essay, entitled 'The Cartoon Crisis - how and why it all began in Denmark' is available on his site, along with other collected pieces including those of particular relevance shown below. The Danish Caricature Crisis - an Investigation of Background and Responsibilities (2006) Danish Hate Speech and Xenophobia (2006) The Cartoon Crisis and Danish Islamophobia (2006) The Copenhagen Declaration on Islamophobia (2006)


Article: EUMC - Perceptions of Anti-Semitism in the EU

Keywords: All Europe, English, French, religion & belief, antisemitism, discrimination, report, indicator, EU, freedom of expression & diversity, hate speech, resources for all, print The information from the RAXEN network enabled the EUMC to present, for the first time in the EU, data on antisemitism that has been collected systematically, using common guidelines for each Member State. This report is a collection of  Voices from Members of the European Jewish communities. The main report provides an overview of incidents of antisemitism and examples of good practice to combat anti-Semitism from information available in the years 2002 – 2003, and a thorough analysis of the data, as well as proposals for action to combat antisemitism.   EUMC Perceptions of Anti-Semitism in the EU [EN].pdf  EUMC Perceptions of Anti-Semitism in the EU [FR].pdf  

Article: Evaluating the Media during Palestine’s elections

Keywords: Middle East, Palestine, English, report, study, journalism, media, coverage, politics, print "Filastiniyat" sought to evaluate the mass media’s performance in providing objective and balanced coverage of the candidates and their platforms so the citizens of Palestine can make well-informed choices at the ballot box.

Article: Fear of the other and the interethnic diversity / La paura dell’altro e la diversità intetnica (only in Italian)

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, italian,migrants, article, media ethics & diversity, interethnicity, interculturalism, social diversity models, resource for NGOs, print This article deals with the prejudices created by media, towards the high flux of migrations which Italy is experiencing now for its first time in history.  Fear of the other and the interethnic diversity [IT].pdf    

Article: FFFAC Media and Political Change in Asia

Keywords: Asia, English, freedom of information, journalism, ethics, democracy, journal, report, news, print This Freedom Forum journal covers emerging news from Asia, with articles on freedom of press in Thailand, progress in news reporting of elections and issues of deregulation of the media. FFFAC Media and Political Change in Asia [EN].pdf

Article: FFFAC Press Power and Politics in Africa

Keywords: Africa, English, freedom of press, democracy, ethics, journalism, media, report, journal, print This Freedom Forum journal covers emerging news from Africa, such as the media coverage of the elections in Ghana, lamentations and protestations by the media with regards to their lack of freedom, steps in technological progress and democratization in Africa etc. FFFAC Press Power and Politics Africa [EN].pdf

Article: FFFAC Press power and Politics in Europe

Keywords: Europe, English, press, politics, report, journalism, media, print This Freedom Forum Journal covers stories related to press power and politics in Europe. FFFAC Press, Power and Politics Europe [EN].pdf

Article: Fighting racism through freedom of expression

Keywords: Diversity in general, all Europe, speech, miscellaneous, freedom of expression & diversity, media ethics & diversity, hate speech, human rights, English, resource for Academics, NGO Speech by Dr. Agnes Callamard - Executive Director for Article 19, on the occasion of the ECRI expert seminar on “Combating racism “while” respecting freedom of expression. For more information visit:  

Article: Fitna

Keywords: English, Fitna, Geert Wilders, freedom of expression, hate speech, visual, resources for all, Dutch, ethnicity, religion, social diversity models, human rights Fitna is a 2008 short film by Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders. Approximately 17 minutes in length, the film shows selected excerpts from Suras of the Qur'an, interspersed with media clips and newspaper clippings showing or describing acts of violence and/or hatred by Muslims. The film wishes to demonstrate that the Qur'an motivates its followers to hate all who violate the Islamic teachings. Consequently, the film argues, Islam encourages, among others, acts of terrorism, antisemitism, violence against women and homosexuals, and Islamic universalism. A large part of the film deals with the influence of Islam on the Netherlands. The film's title "fitna" is used to describe "disagreement and division among people" or a "test of faith in times of trial".Wilders, a prominent critic of Islam, described the film as "a call to shake off the creeping tyranny of Islamization". On March 27, 2008, Fitna was released to the Internet on the video sharing website Liveleak in Dutch and English versions. The following day, Liveleak removed the film from their servers, citing serious threats to their staff. On March 30, Fitna was restored on Liveleak following a security upgrade, only to be removed again shortly afterwards by Wilders himself because of copyright violations. A second edition was released later.

Article: Free Press, Ethics and Practices of Journalism in Morocco (only in French)

Keywords: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, French, media, free press, ethics, practices, study, report This statistical study run by the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung FESMAROC Foundation is intended to help maintain and support all efforts being made in and around Morocco in liberalizing the press and using it as an effective tool for social progress. What conditions must be guaranteed to enable Moroccan journalists to accomplish their mission? What are the effective conditions in which the majority of Moroccan journalists work in today?  Free Press, Ethics and Practices of Journalism in Morocco [FR].pdf  

Article: Freedom of Expression in Myanmar (Burma): From A to Z

Keywords: Myanmar, Burma, English, Burmese, freedom of expression, media freedom, guideline, legal framework, advocacy, all media formats Under Myanmar’s five decades of military rule, the country’s media environment was one of the most restrictive in the world. The situation has started to change under the democratic reform that the country underwent after 2011. Recently, new laws have been drafted aiming to promote democratisation and freedom of expression. However the country has a long road to walk as, according to 2014 Press Freedom Index, Myanmar was ranked 144th out of 180 countries.

Article: Freedom of press and racial discrimination: “Tuning in to Diversity”

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, Italian, law, discrimination, diversity, ethnicity, ethic, freedom of press, print Review about freedom of press and racial discrimination’s laws, and analysis about the role of the ethical codes in Italy. Freedom of press and racial discrimination_ Tuning in to Diversity[IT].pdf

Article: Gay Pakistan - 'less inhibited than West'

Keywords: Pakistan, sexuality, social diversity model, media content, print Throughout South Asia, homosexuality has been a taboo subject. But there are signs in some areas that gay people are now becoming more open in their behaviour. In this column a gay man in Pakistan talks about the advantages of being gay there compared to the West. (BBC News, 2 June, 2005) Gay Pakistan.doc

Article: Gay team flings TV closet door wide open

Keywords: Western Europe, English, North America, sexuality, media content, print A new hit reality show in the US seems to be changing attitudes to homosexuality on TV there. The unapologetic presentation of gay people comes against a backdrop of the recent supreme court decision to strike down laws still existing in 13 states that effectively outlawed homosexuality. Article by David Teather - The Guardian, 11 August, 2003. Gay team flings TV closed door wide open.doc


Article: Gay TV launches in France in search of the pink euro

Keywords: Western Europe, English, sexuality, media article, TV, media diversity A gay television channel, PinkTV, has been launched in France with backing from three of the country's biggest mainstream channels and several well-known television stars.

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