Theme: Freedom of Expression (Resources)

Article: Geert Wilders

Keywords: The Netherlands, English, Geert Wilders, freedom of expression, hate speech,  ethnicity, religion, resources for all, visual Geert Wilders is the man who firmly held the right-wing monopoly in the Islam debate in the Netherlands. He is one of the best-known Dutch politicians. His views about Islam have offended Muslims and non-Muslims alike, within the Netherlands and around the world. And he's released a controversial anti-Islam film, called Fitna, or "Strife" or "Ordeal" in Arabic. But just who is Geert Wilders, and what makes him tick? It's said that the turning point in Wilders' life came when he spent some time in Israel in the 1980s. To this day he maintains a strong bond with the country. Back in the Netherlands, he won a seat in parliament for the conservative VVD in 1998. He became party spokesperson on foreign policy. His colleagues were impressed by the breadth of his knowledge of the Middle East. His extreme views, particularly his concern about the Islamification of the Netherlands, were not yet in evidence. That began to change after 9/11. He left the VVD and started his own Freedom Party, which holds nine seats in the 150-seat parliament. Link Fitna: Link Beyond Fitna:  


Article: Geert Wilders’ freedom of expression / Geert Wilders’ vrijheid van meningsuiting

Keywords: Western Europe, The Netherlands, Dutch, migrants, refugees, ethnicity, freedom of expression, print, media organizations, resources for NGOs [EN] Opinion and media are closely connected. An article about the real meaning of freedom of expression in the Netherlands, and how Geert Wilders violates this with his opinions and expressions. [DU] Omdat mening en media nauw met elkaar verbonden zijn en op  internet iedereen een MENING meent te moeten hebben, zal ik hier nog eenmaal uitleggen wat “Vrijheid van meningsuiting” volgens de Nederlandse grondwet betekent, en waarom het goed is dat er nu een aanklacht tegen Wilders loopt. En dat die aanklacht in feite ook goed is voor Wilders zelf. In gewone-mensen-taal. Few attend UK screening of Wilders' film [EN].doc Geert Wilders’ freedom of expression [DU].doc Geert Wilders to be prosecuted [EN].doc Geert Wilders wants to ban the Koran [EN].doc Iran's anti-Wilders film lacks controversy [EN].doc Philosopher Jürgen Habermas on Geert Wilders [EN].docx Wilders’ PVV surges in EU parliamentary elections [EN].docx Wilders and his film worry Dutch expats [EN].doc Wilders makes half of Dutch Muslims want to emigrate [EN].doc Wilders places Danish cartoon on his website [EN].doc

Article: Guidelines for Journalists Covering Conflict

Keywords: International, English, guide, conflict, media. Journalists intervene in conflict - and in a sense mediate conflict - whether they intend to or not. Working with local and international conflict resolution practitioners, we've been developing a new approach to journalism which in many ways strengthens what journalists already do, and raises their awareness about the impact of their reportage..... (Conflict Management Group, 1994 / RD Manual, 1997) Guidelines for Journalists Covering Conflict [EN].doc  

Article: Identity Crisis

Keywords: International, Western Europe, English, ethnicity & race, media, diversity, freedom of speech, religion, identity As more people define themselves by their spiritual beliefs, there are controversial plans to introduce legislation to curb incitement to religious hatred. Philip Pullman asks if the law will distinguish between a rational analysis of theology and a call for violence, while Monica Ali, Philip Hensher and Salman Rushdie consider the threat to free speech. Extracts from essays in Free Expression is No Offence, published by English Pen and Penguin on December 1. (The Guardian, 19 November, 2005) Identity Crisis [EN].doc

Article: Implacable Adversaries: Arab Governments and the Internet

Keywords: International, English, Arabic, diversity, freedom of press, report, internet, online A report prepared by Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (HRInfo) about the freedom of internet use in the Arab world. It covers 18 Arab countries providing an overview of how the governments in the Arab world deal with Internet.  It emphasises conflict between freedom of expression and regulative efforts by the governments.  

Article: Independent Study on Indicators for media Pluralism in the EU

Keywords: All Europe, English, pluralism, media diversity, EU, study, journalism, ethics, print The present study forms part of the European Commission’s three-step approach for advancing the debate on media pluralism within the European Union. The approach was launched in January 2007 with a Commission Staff Working Paper and is planned to result in a Commission Communication on media pluralism at the end of 2009.

Article: JED Feather and Freedom / JED Plume et Liberté (only in French)

Keywords: Africa, French, journalism, newspaper, news, ethics, freedom of expression & diversity, press, media, human rights, resource for all, print, online This is a newspaper published by francophone Journalists In Danger (JED). JED is an independent organization created in Kinshasa through the initiative of a group of Congolese journalists (RDC) and it’s dedicated to defending and promoting freedom of press in the Democratic Republic of Congo and 8 other African Countries covered by the OMAC (Organisation of Central African Media).  JED Plume et Liberte 009 [FR].pdf  JED Plume et Liberte 011 [FR].pdf  JED Plume et Liberte 2005 [FR].pdf  JED Plume et Liberte [FR].pdf

Article: JED Freedom of Press during election periods (only in French)

Keywords: Africa, French, freedom of press, free press, media, politics, report, information This in-depth report covers the realities behind what freedoms the media and the press have during election periods in Africa. It proposes its own recommendations to be followed in order to achieve a truly free press as opposed to a politically controlled and oppressed press that struggles to bring the truth to the eyes and ears of the people.  JED Freedom of Press during election periods [FR].pdf

Article: JED Freedom of Press in Central Africa 2006 (only in French)

Keywords: Africa, Central Africa, French, media, free press, report, justice, politics, corruption This Journalists in Danger (JED) report studies the situation of the press in central Africa in 2006. It analyzes and questions case studies throughout the year, linking them with the overall system that encompasses such problems and then offers solutions.  JED Freedom of Press in Central Africa 2006 [FR].pdf

Article: Jonesboro Were the Media Fair?

Keywords: USA, North America, English, violence, school shootings, youth, case study, report, media, journalism, media ethics & diversity, media content (any kind), freedom of expression, hate speech, resource for all, print This report on how the press covered the schoolyard shootings in Jonesboro, Ark, is part of a multiyear examination of fairness in the news media by the Freedom Forum. The project began in 1997 with the premise that public standards for the news media are higher than ever, but some journalists may not understand that. Our examination of fairness is taking place in a number of ways with the purpose of improving understanding between the public and the press. The report can be found under the following link:        

Article: Journalist Award 2009

Keywords: diversity in general, Europe, journalism, media, award, competition, peace journalism, print media, online media The Journalist Award Competition is now on its sixth edition. It’s addressed to online or print journalists in the EU who, through their work, contribute to a better public understanding of the benefits of diversity and the fight against discrimination. The competition is open to journalists who write on issues of discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, age, disability and sexual orientation. All entries must have been published in a print or online media outlet which has its main editorial office in one of the 27 EU Member States.

Article: King’s College Study on UK Media Coverage of the 2016 EU Referendum Campaign

Keywords: International, English, UK, EU, Referendum, Brexit, immigration, migrants, refugees, diversity in general, journalism, media, all media formats, resources for media A study by King’s College London’s Centre for the Study of Media, Communication and Power, shows that immigration was ‘the most prominent referendum issue’ in the UK media during the EU Referendum campaign in 2016. Most print front pages during the pre-Referendum or Brexit campaign focused on immigration. For example, out of the 195 EU Referendum-related front pages in the UK print media, 99 focused on immigration, followed by the economy with 82 front pages. The study’s authors also highlight a clear and important shift towards a stronger emphasis on immigration during the 10-week campaign. The study is the first to analyse all articles referencing political issues within the context of the EU Referendum that were published by the 20 main UK news outlets online during the official 10-week campaign, 15,000 articles in total. These outlets include the online platforms of national press and broadcasters as well as online only news outlets. All front-page lead stories on every print newspaper were also incorporated in the analysis.

Article: Legal instruments for combating racism on the Internet (2009)

Keywords: International, English, Books, publications, internet, online, racism, ethnicity, online Various national and international legal instruments punish hate speech. However, the specific nature of the Internet calls for the adoption of new strategies to combat hate speech promoting racism and violence, which is widely and swiftly disseminated on the web.

Article: Magna Carta for International Cultural Policy

Keywords: Diversity in general, all regions, UK, English, freedom of expression & diversity, print media, Civil Society Organisation, Governmental Organisation The Scope of the UNESCO Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions 2005 Magna carta for international cultural policy[EN].doc      


Article: Marginalised Communities and the Media

Keywords: International, English, diversity, minority, marginalized communities, community media, new media, social networks, interactive map, map, articles In the following map, you can find the links of the articles, written by Students of the 2011/2 International Journalism MA of the City University, regarding the marginalised minorities or communities in their own countries/regions. Special attention has been given on how the community had been covered in the past and on how many (of the members) could now tell their own stories using new media and social networks. Here is the link of the interactive map.  

Article: Maroc Hebdo

Keywords: Middle East & North Africa, Morocco, French, newspaper, news, freedom of expression & diversity, media development, resource for all, print This Moroccan newspaper is a pioneer in freedom of press in Morocco, seeking to be totally free to posit their opinions and to give the public the widest possible range of information.  Maroc Hebdo [FR].pdf

Article: MDI Report on Media in Four Regions in Russia

Keywords: Russia, Dagestan, Stavropol, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, English, Russian, ethnic minorities, Muslims, Chechens, migrants, Caucasians, women, LGBT, study, report, media monitoring, print, TV, online This Media Diversity Institute (MDI) report was conducted in the second half of 2013 in four Russian regions - Dagestan, Stavropol, Saratov, Sverdlovsk. It was aimed at better understanding if and how regional media in Russia are portraying migrants, and ethnic, gender and vulnerable groups. MDI report is part of the project "Fighting Discrimination in Russia through Tolerant and Inclusive Reporting". This MDI project in partnership with the Russian Union of Journalists (RUJ) aspired to contribute to greater freedom of expression for all viewpoints in Russian society, and to promote equality and fight discrimination, by equipping journalists with the skills to report ethically and inclusively on ethnic and racial diversity. This report is available in Russian and English language. It was conducted by Anna Sevortian, consultant and former director for Human Rights Watch in Russia (2010-2013). MDI_Monitoring_Report_in_Russia EN MDI_Monitoring Report_in Russia RU

Article: MDI Study on How Inclusive are Media in Egypt

Keywords: Egypt, English, Arabic, diversity in general, women, minorities, journalism, report, study, TV, radio, print The Media Diversity Institute (MDI) produced a study on how inclusive and diverse Egyptian media content is both in print and broadcast media. The study includes four reports produced within two-year MDI programme "Embracing Free Expression, Diversity and Inclusiveness: Rebuilding post-revolution Egyptian media" funded by SIDA. MDI study showed a severe under-representation of all minority groups in Egyptian media. All four reports on media diversity in Egypt in Arabic and English language can be downloaded here. MDI reports in English: MDI_Egypt_Media_Report_1_English MDI Egypt Media Report 2 English MDI Egypt Media Report 3 English MDI Egypt Media Report 4 English MDI reports in Arabic: MDI Egypt Media Report 1 Arabic MDI Egypt Media Report 2 Arabic MDI Egypt Media Report 3 Arabic MDI Egypt Media Report 4 Arabic

Article: Media and Diversity in Europe 2008

Keywords: All Europe, Netherlands, study, ethnicity, ethics, human rights, EU, online Mira Media is the Dutch centre of expertise on Media and Diversity. It's main goal is to achieve more diversity and 'ethnic' pluralism by supporting the participation of immigrants in the Dutch media. Mira Media has no broadcasting time but it co-operates closely with Dutch national and local (public and commercial) broadcasters.

Article: Media in Sri Lanka

Keywords: Rest of the world, Sri Lanka, English, socially disadvantaged groups, article, human rights, media ethics & diversity, freedom of expression & diversity, resource for media and NGOs, print, online Article written by Sanjana Hattotuwa, Senior Researcher, published by CPA in The Sunday Leader on the of 28 June 2009. The article points up the right for all citizens in Sri Lanka to have access to tools and technologies that allow them to produce, disseminate and consume news and information beyond traditional media coverage.  Media in Sri Lanka [EN].pdf

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