Theme: Freedom of Expression (Resources)

Article: Media suffer winter chill in coverage of Sochi Olympics

Keywords: Russia, English, Russian, report, journalism, Sochi Games, ethics, all media formats “Please help get the reporters’ attention!” These were the words that a Russian construction worker wrote on a sheet of paper in Sochi, during the preparations before the 2014 Winter Olympic Games. The Committee to Protect Journalists produced a special report describing the biased reporting of the Russian media, who systematically ignored issues crucial to Sochi residents, directly affected by the arrival of the Olympics. Corruption, labour law violations, and other abuses related to the Games were hidden by journalists working for the local media. Under these circumstances, activists took on journalistic roles using social media and blogs to raise all the under-represented social, political, and economic issues. The report was published on January 28, 2014. Media suffer winter chill in coverage of Sochi Olympics [EN] Освещение Олимпийских игр в Сочи: СМИ в «холодном оцепенении» [RU]  

Article: No Compulsion in Religion: An Islamic Case against Blasphemy Laws

Keywords: International, English, religion, violence, stereotypes, concept paper, all media formats, resources for media As a result of the release of the film, Innocence of Muslims, there were calls around the world to introduce or strengthen rules that would become akin to global blasphemy laws. A round of violence occurred as a reaction to this film and many people, including US Ambassador Stevens in Libya, were killed. Quilliam’s latest concept paper seeks to denounce the violence through highlighting non-violent principles and passages from the Qur’an, examples of virtuous teachings from the Sunnah and Hadith (teachings of the Prophet Muhammad), and sharing expert knowledge about a peaceful Islam. This paper is available in English. It was written by Usama Hasan and published in 2010. No Compulsion in Religion Report [EN]


Article: Patriotism Versus Professionalism

Keywords: South Eastern Europe, English, article, media ethics & diversity, war & conflict, print When you stand at the site of a massacre, two things happen. First, you wonder about the depths of the human spirit. And then you ask yourself how many lies can be told about it..... Article by Milica Pesic, Message, Germany, 1 July, 1999 Patriotism Versus Professionalism [EN].doc

Article: Policies and practices for teaching sociocultural diversity - Diversity and inclusion: challenges for teacher education

This fourth and final volume of the series of publications from the Council of Europe project Policies and Practices for Teaching Sociocultural Diversity (2006-09) includes case studies presented at the final conference held in Oslo (Norway) from 26 to 28 October 2009. These concrete examples illustrate the conditions of implementation and adaptation to national contexts of the "Framework of teacher competences for engaging with diversity", which is one of the final products of the project. The competences, which break down into three main groups, namely "Knowledge and Understanding", "Communication and Relationships" and "Management and Teaching", encourage future teachers to reflect on and identify their own personal positions, in various environments, in order to develop a clearer sense of their ethnic and cultural identities and to examine their attitudes vis-à-vis different groups of students.    

Article: Press Freedom and Pluralism in Europe: Concepts and Conditions

Keywords: Europe, English, book, freedom of speech, education, general diversity, online In ‘Press Freedom and Pluralism in Europe’, researchers from twelve countries examine media systems regarding conditions for independence and pluralism. They discuss a European approach to press freedom and diversity and include case studies of a broad spectrum of media systems including Bulgaria, the Baltics, Poland, Romania, Finland, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain and the UK.

Article: Rainbow connection: Britain's growing gay press

Keywords: Western Europe, English, sexuality, media article, media ethics & diversity Today there are dozens of gay publications, both local and national, in Britain. The launch of two major gay publications in the past year - Re:Fresh and Gay UK - has brought the total number of free and paid-for national 'pink' publications up to nine in a market that many feel is already flooded. Rainbow connection - Britain's growing gay press [EN].doc

Article: Representations of Immigrants and their issues in the Media / Die Darstellung von Migrantinnen und Migranten und ihren Themen in den audiovisuellen Medien (only in German)

Keywords: Western Europe, Germany, German, religion & belief, migrants, media ethics & diversity, report, study freedom of expression & diversity, media literacy, resource for all, print, online  Migrants are often the subject of media coverage, but even take little part in broadcasts, rarely make contributions and are generally not the author of information. This structural exclusion, the author sees as a reason for the clichéd caricature the media especially by Muslim immigrants draw and convey. In contrast, multilingual radio and television offers and media representation of cultural hybridity appropriate means to address migrant groups in society to enable Partizipaton and ethnic stereotypes, such as the criminalization of Muslims as extremists and Islamic fundamentalists disband.  Representation of Immigrants and their issues in the Media [DE].pdf

Article: Saudi Arabia lifts ban on two gay websites

Keywords: Middle East, English, sexuality, NGO, freedom of speech, freedom of expression, media content Saudi Arabia has lifted a ban on two gay websites in response to pressure from Reporters Without Borders (Reporters sans frontières, RSF). Access to the websites and within the country had been blocked since early March 2004 after authorities deemed them "pornographic." Saudi Arabia lifts ban on two gay websites [EN].doc

Article: Serbian Propaganda: A Closer Look

Keywords: International, South East Europe, English, radio, conflict, race & ethnicity, religion, ethics & diversity. Noah Adams speaks with Serbian journalist Milica Pesic who has been studying Serb propaganda. She discusses how the Serb government has used the media to manipulate public opinion. Milica Pesic, Director of the European Center for War, Peace, and the News Media, discussed Serbian propaganda on April 12, 1999, on National Public Radio's All Things Considered. Serbian Propaganda - A Closer Look [EN].doc For more information, visit:

Article: Shifting Sands: The Impact of Satellite TV on Media in the Arab World, is a report produced for CIMA, by Deborah Horan

CIMA is pleased to release a new report, Shifting Sands: The Impact of Satellite TV on Media in the Arab World, by Deborah Horan, a veteran journalist with extensive experience reporting from the Middle East. Today, media in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are freer than they were a decade ago, with a proliferation of satellite television news channels leading the way. Arab newscasts cover events in real time, sometimes scooping their Western competition with spot news coverage of regional events. Government-run media have been forced to compete or lose audiences. Yet most governments in the MENA region have managed to retain a tight grip on media, whether through the arbitrary application of restrictive and vague press laws or limits on media production. This report examines the positive effects satellite coverage has had on the media environment and the reasons why the region still lacks overall media freedom. On the Web site there is a comprehensive bibliographic database of media assistance resources with information on more than 800 reports, articles, books, and manuals related to the media assistance field..

Article: Silencing the Choices of Students

Keywords: North America, USA, school, students, adolescents, human rights, freedom of expression, report, project, print This report by the First Amendment Center examines several hot-button issues and asks whether students have lost some of the protections set forth in Tinker. Many recent court decisions indicate that some school officials think the changing social and legal environment empowers them to ignore the lessons from Tinker. Silencing-1-35.pdf Silencing-36-76.pdf Silencing-77-100.pdf

Article: Spaces of Inclusion Study: Community Media and Refugees

Keywords: International, English, migration, migrants, refugees, Council of Europe, Europe, European Parliament, COMMIT, community media, inclusion, freedom of expression, study, resources for media “The Spaces of Inclusion” is a report on the role of community media for refugees and migrants. It was published by the Council of Europe. Community Media Institute (COMMIT) based in Austria was commissioned by the Information Society Department of Council of Europe Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law to realize this study. What role do media in general and community media in particular play for (recently arrived) refugees and migrants in response to their particular needs and with regard to their human right to freedom of expression, which includes the right to information? This is the research question which the authors of this explorative study set out to respond. Council of Europe and COMMIT - Spaces of Inclusion Study  

Article: Speak Out Against Discrimination

Keywords: International, English, French, German, Italian, Russian, discrimination, video, campaign The 30-second video, produced in the framework of the 'Speak Out Against Discrimination' campaign of Council of Europe, promotes the notion that discrimination occurs regardless of skin colour, gender or age and that it is in everyone's interest to challenge prejudices directly. Watch the video in English here. It is also available in French, German, Italian and Russian.

Article: Striking a balance

Keywords: Diversity, International, book, freedom of expression & diversity, hate speech, human rights, English, print, ONG This book, published by Article 19, deeply analyzes the following themes: hate speech, freedom of expression and non-discrimination. The book is divided in four main parts and on the 3rd you will find several case studies related to the above-mentioned subjects but referring every one to a different country. Striking a balance [EN].pdf

Article: Study on Salafis in Bosnia by Dr Srdjan Puhalo

Keywords: Bosnian, Bosnia and Herzegiovina, salafism, Salafis, study, reserach, media, journalism, all media formats, resources for media After spending two months with members of the Salafi movement in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a social psychologist Dr Srdjan Puhalo published a detailed study on salafis and salafism. He dedicated one part of the study "Salafis in Bosnia and Herzegovina" to the media portrayal of Salafis. “They are not terrorists. They are not strange or deviant. They have a specific way of living and they have their own understanding of Islam. Also, they are not a homogenous group as many Bosnian media portray them,” said Dr Puhalo in an interview with the Media Diversity Institute (MDI). Selefije u Bosni i Hercegovini

Article: The Advantages of Being Gay

Keywords: International, USA, English, sexuality, media content, print Aidan Rankin says that most homosexuals are moderates, but militants make the running, and gay politicians and entertainers now enjoy the protection of ‘victim’ status..... (by Aidan Rankin - The Spectator, 1 June, 2002) The Advantages of being Gay.doc

Article: The Anti-Racism Toolkit

Keywords: International, English, hate speech, racism, guidelines, ethics, all media formats The global nature of the Internet, combined with easy access to technology and, most crucially, anonymity, makes it an ideal platform from which to promote hate. Light-On Project consortium, which encourages cross-community actions for combating racism and discrimination, and The Migrant and Refugee Communities Forum published recently the Anti-Racism Toolkit. Focusing on internet racist discourse, the project has also produced a more specific booklet: Spot Racism Online.

Article: The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans

Keywords: International, Balkan, France, Charlie Hebdo, journalism, freedom of expression, terrorism, Islamophobia, study, guide, ethics, diversity, all media formats The study “The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans” analyses how the Balkan media as well as political and religious leaders responded to the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris, while also taking a close look at legislation of freedom of speech in the countries. “The attacks against the French journalists stirred vivid emotions and considerable reactions, without, however, increasing the Islamophobia in the region. The debates failed to critically tackle the role and limits of the freedom of expression in relation to the freedom of religion. Apparently, the freedom of expression has fewer and fewer supporters even among the media professionals”. These are the main conclusions of the report The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans. The study was based on national reports prepared by media experts in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The report – the first in a series of six dedicated to freedom of expression in the region –  is part of the program South East European Partnership for Media Development, implemented by a consortium of media organizations from Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania. The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans.pdf

Article: The Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism – Roundtable “What's Next for the Ethnic Media?”

Keywords: North America, USA, English, Ethnicity, report, journalism, media, online The Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism is dedicated to trying to understand the information revolution. It specializes in using empirical methods to evaluate and study the performance of the press, particularly content analysis.

Article: Thousands and one voices: the south of the world seen by media, between reality and representation

Keywords: Middle East, Africa, South America, South Eastern Europe, Italian, journalism, media, stereotypes, education, information, ACRA, online Thousands and one voices is an essays and interviews’ compilation, made by foreigner journalists and by experts in information and media languages. They report a series of experiences whose aim is to tell to readers about the south of the world, trying to overcome its stereotyped representations.

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