Theme: Human Rights (Resources)

Article: European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Annual Report 2008

Keywords: All Europe, English, French, racism, xenophobia, indicator, discrimination, EU, employment, housing, education, health care, print, online This years’ Annual Report first examines legal developments and institutional initiatives against racism and discrimination in Europe, focusing on the application in practice of the Racial Equality Directive. Next it covers developments in the area of racist violence and crime in the EU Member States, and this is followed by a focus on racism and discrimination issues in four areas of social life: employment, housing, education and health care. The final thematic chapter covers developments at an EU level relevant to combating racism, xenophobia and discrimination in the Member States of the EU. FRA EU Annual Report 2008 [EN].pdf    

Article: Fear of the other and the interethnic diversity / La paura dell’altro e la diversità intetnica (only in Italian)

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, italian,migrants, article, media ethics & diversity, interethnicity, interculturalism, social diversity models, resource for NGOs, print This article deals with the prejudices created by media, towards the high flux of migrations which Italy is experiencing now for its first time in history.  Fear of the other and the interethnic diversity [IT].pdf    

Article: Female Muslims; a media-creation? The way media deals with Muslim emancipation / Moslima; een mediacreatie? De manier waarop de media omgaan met moslimemancipatie (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, Dutch, religion & belief, diversity, Muslims, study, print, media ethics & diversity [EN]The goal of the research was to get an idea of the way that the media deals with Muslim emancipation and to find out what the vision of Female Muslim experts in this field is about this subject.

Article: FFFAC Press Power and Politics - Asia

Keywords: Asia, English, journalism, news, politics, media, newspaper, report, print This Freedom Forum Journal covers stories related to press power and politics in Asia. FFFAC Press Power and Politics Asia [EN].pdf

Article: FFFAC Press Power and Politics in Latin America

Keywords: South America, English, journalism, politics, news, media, report, newspaper, print This Freedom Forum Journal covers stories related to press power and politics in Latin America. Presidential election coverage, media manipulation, free press, government threats, education in journalism, internet reporting, fraud. FFFAC Press Power and Politics Latin America [EN].pdf

Article: FIDH Human Rights and Media in Turkmenistan

Keywords: Central Asia, Turkmenistan, English, human rights, media, journalism, study, print This study is based on an analysis of the activities of several human rights networks, including the Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights (TIHR), in the past five years.


Article: FIDH Recommendations on Human Rights Egypt

Keywords: Africa & Middle East, Egypt, English, diversity, human rights, media ethics & diversity, politics, report, indicator, resource for media & NGOs, print In view of the EU-Egypt Association Council to be held on the 27th of April 2009 and on the eve of the 2009 ENP Action plan's release, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) calls upon the EU to echo its deep concern about the deterioration of the human rights situation in Egypt since the adoption of the ENP action plan in March 2007. FIDH is particularly concerned by the existing gap between the official commitments taken by the Egyptian Government in the ENP Action plan and the lack of concrete improvements on the ground. The Egyptian government has not demonstrated its political will to implement jointly agreed priorities.  FIDH Human Rights Egypt [EN].pdf     

Article: FIDH: Freedom of Association in Three Countries

Keywords: International, Asia, Middle East, Africa, Bahrain, Kuwait, Yemen, English, human rights, report, indicator, politics, community media, legal resource, resource for all, print Bahrain, Kuwait, and Yemen share common characteristics in terms of freedom of association. The respective government policies are largely restrictive rather than liberal, and are nationalistic rather than universal. These policies reflect a severely controlling environment starting by prohibiting the formation of an association without governmental approval to openly interfering in their internal management and maintaining conditions that may lead to dissolution at will. Therefore, the ability of associations to be formed and function freely is seriously impaired. Despite the fact the three countries have become members of the international human rights community, none of them has initiated the process of law adaptation and reforms to bring the national laws, including those related to freedom of association, to be in conformity with international standards.  FIDH Freedom of Association in the Arabian Gulf [EN].pdf  FIDH Freedom of Association in 3 Middle Eastern Countries [EN].pdf    

Article: Fifth officer resigns over racism film

Keywords: Western Europe, UK, English, media content, ethnicity & race, law, employment, print Five police officers have resigned and three have been suspended, after an undercover BBC documentary revealed racism among police recruits. (BBC) Fifth officer resigns over racism film.doc

Article: Fighting racism through freedom of expression

Keywords: Diversity in general, all Europe, speech, miscellaneous, freedom of expression & diversity, media ethics & diversity, hate speech, human rights, English, resource for Academics, NGO Speech by Dr. Agnes Callamard - Executive Director for Article 19, on the occasion of the ECRI expert seminar on “Combating racism “while” respecting freedom of expression. For more information visit:  

Article: Finnish Institute on Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Press Coverage

Keywords: International, Europe, English, diversity in general, journalism, media coverage, refugee crisis, content analysis, asylum seekers, research In Finnish, British and Belgian media coverage of the refugee crisis, asylum seeker and refugee are the most frequently recurring terms in the data, a study by the Finnish Institute in London and the Finnish Cultural Institute for the Benelux reveals. All the newspapers report on questions relating to refugees and asylum seekers mostly in a neutral tone, striving for objectivity. The point of view of all of the newspapers is eurocentric. The voices of the refugees and asylum seekers are heard less often than that those of authorities, politicians and experts. In the British newspapers, a particularly high amount of coverage was devoted on the asylum seekers’ journey to Europe. Negative viewpoints towards immigration are heard as well, counter-balanced by the writers’ own comments and commentaries by guest writers.  

Article: First Comprehensive Guide to European Non-discrimination Law

The first comprehensive guide to European non-discrimination law was launched by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg today, 21 March, the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. The Handbook on European Non-Discrimination Law, published jointly by the Fundamental Rights Agency and the European Court of Human Rights, is the first comprehensive guide to European non-discrimination law. It is based on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice. It covers: the context and background to European non-discrimination law (including the UN human rights treaties), discrimination categories and defences, the scope of the law (including who is protected) and the grounds protected, such as sex, disability, age, race and nationality. The handbook is aimed at legal practitioners at national and European level, including judges, prosecutors, lawyers, law-enforcement officials, and others involved in giving legal advice, such as national human rights institutions, equality bodies and legal advice centres, to whom it will be distributed. It can also be consulted on-line or downloaded at: There is an accompanying CD-Rom as well dealing with the relevant legislation, specialist literature, case studies and case-law summaries. It is already available in English, French and German. Versions in Bulgarian, Czech, Hungarian, Italian, Romanian, Spanish, Greek and Polish will follow shortly and the material will eventually be available in almost all EU languages as well as Croatian.  

Article: Fitna

Keywords: English, Fitna, Geert Wilders, freedom of expression, hate speech, visual, resources for all, Dutch, ethnicity, religion, social diversity models, human rights Fitna is a 2008 short film by Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders. Approximately 17 minutes in length, the film shows selected excerpts from Suras of the Qur'an, interspersed with media clips and newspaper clippings showing or describing acts of violence and/or hatred by Muslims. The film wishes to demonstrate that the Qur'an motivates its followers to hate all who violate the Islamic teachings. Consequently, the film argues, Islam encourages, among others, acts of terrorism, antisemitism, violence against women and homosexuals, and Islamic universalism. A large part of the film deals with the influence of Islam on the Netherlands. The film's title "fitna" is used to describe "disagreement and division among people" or a "test of faith in times of trial".Wilders, a prominent critic of Islam, described the film as "a call to shake off the creeping tyranny of Islamization". On March 27, 2008, Fitna was released to the Internet on the video sharing website Liveleak in Dutch and English versions. The following day, Liveleak removed the film from their servers, citing serious threats to their staff. On March 30, Fitna was restored on Liveleak following a security upgrade, only to be removed again shortly afterwards by Wilders himself because of copyright violations. A second edition was released later.

Article: Forced Migration Review – Stateless

Keywords: All region, International, English, Arabic, French, IDPs, refugees, asylum seekers & migrants, travellers, social diversity models, discrimination, human rights, report, resource for all, print A ‘stateless person’ is someone who is not recognized as a national by any state. They therefore have no nationality or citizenship (terms used interchangeably in this issue) and are unprotected by national legislation, leaving them vulnerable in ways that most of us never have to consider. The possible consequences of statelessness are profound and touch on all aspects of life. It may not be possible to work legally, own property or open a bank account. Stateless people may be easy prey for exploitation as cheap labour. They are often not permitted to attend school or university, may be prohibited from getting married and may not be able to register births and deaths. Stateless people can neither vote nor access the national justice system.  Forced Migration Review - Stateless [EN].pdf  Forced Migrations Review - Stateless [AR].pdf  Forced Migrations Review - Stateless [FR].pdf

Article: Foreign woman and Dutch glossies; friends or strangers? / Allochtone vrouwen & glossies: vriendinnen of vreemden? (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, Dutch, youth, ethnicity, gender, media ethic and diversity, reports/study, print [EN] To what degree do the teenage and woman magazines meet the wishes of foreign readers and how big is the need for a magazine just this target group? The Netherlands has a multicultural society and the media should reflect this diversity in culture as well. Unfortunately this if not the case. How do Moroccan and Turkish youth think about the current Dutch glossies and the rise of foreign magazine?

Article: FRA EU - Violent attacks against Roma in the Ponticelli district of Naples, Italy

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, English, French, Italian, Romanian, German, Roma & travellers, ethnicity, race & national identity, violence, discrimination, EU, minorities, report, case study, indicator, human rights, media ethics & diversity, social diversity model, resource for all, print Violent attacks against Roma in the Ponticelli district of Naples, Italy  FRA EU Violent Atacks on Roma in Italy [IT].pdf  FRA EU Violent Attacks on Roma in Italy [DE].pdf  FRA EU Violent Attacks on Roma in Italy [FR].pdf  FRA EU Violent Attacks on Roma in Italy [RO].pdf  FRA EU Violent Attacks on Roma in Italy [EN].pdf

Article: FRA EU Report on Racism and Xenophobia 2006

Keywords: All Europe, English, German, Racism, Xenophobia, ethnicity, race, national identity, EU, report, indicator, human rights, resource for all, print Unequal treatment continues in employment, housing and education, according to data collected by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). Figures for racist crime in 2005 and 2006 are up in a number of EU countries. While there are more signs that the EU's anti-discrimination legislation is having a positive impact, victims of discrimination still lack knowledge of the new rules.  FRA EU Report on Racism and Xenophobia 2006 [DE].pdf  FRA EU Report on Racism and Xenophobia 2006 [EN].pdf  

Article: FRA: Diversity Toolkit Media

Keywords: International, Europe, [EN], handbook, visual, TV, television, broadcasting, radio, diversity in general, ethnicity, race, guide, media diversity, education, ethnicity, minorities, EU, social diversity models, resources for all Over the past ten years, a number of European public service broadcasting professionals working specifically with and for cultural and ethnic minorities, have been meeting regularly under the auspices of the European Broadcasting Union’s Intercultural and Diversity Group (IDG). They have exchanged experiences and co-produced joint programmes. This Diversity Toolkit brings together the collective knowledge of these TV professionals. It concerns public broadcasters in general and news- and information programmes especially.  FRA EU Diversity Toolkit Media [EN].pdf  FRA EU Diversity Toolkit Media 2 [EN].pdf  FRA EU Media Diversity Guide [FR].pdf  FRA EU Television Diversity Guide [FR].pdf    

Article: Freedom of Expression in Myanmar (Burma): From A to Z

Keywords: Myanmar, Burma, English, Burmese, freedom of expression, media freedom, guideline, legal framework, advocacy, all media formats Under Myanmar’s five decades of military rule, the country’s media environment was one of the most restrictive in the world. The situation has started to change under the democratic reform that the country underwent after 2011. Recently, new laws have been drafted aiming to promote democratisation and freedom of expression. However the country has a long road to walk as, according to 2014 Press Freedom Index, Myanmar was ranked 144th out of 180 countries.

Article: Freedom of press and racial discrimination: “Tuning in to Diversity”

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, Italian, law, discrimination, diversity, ethnicity, ethic, freedom of press, print Review about freedom of press and racial discrimination’s laws, and analysis about the role of the ethical codes in Italy. Freedom of press and racial discrimination_ Tuning in to Diversity[IT].pdf

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