Theme: Human Rights (Resources)

Article: Islam Channel is Sowing Suspicion Between Different Religious Communities, a Report by Quilliam Has Found

A new report by Quilliam has found that the Islam Channel, the UK’s most watched Muslim TV channel, is sowing suspicion between different religious communities and promoting intolerance and prejudice. The report, based on Quilliam’s recording and monitoring of the channel’s output over a three-month period, found that there were several key problematic trends in its output: Promotion of backward attitudes to women. The Islam Channel’s presenters and preferred guests repeatedly promote socially conservative, Wahhabi-influenced views of women, which see female freedom as a threat to social harmony. Intolerance towards other sects and religions. Religious preachers featured on Islam Channel programmes such as IslamiQA repeatedly make derogatory remarks to the followers of other forms of religious expression and urge viewers to reject the practices of non-Muslims and non-Wahhabi Muslims alike. Promotion of extremism. The Islam Channel has also promoted extremist individuals and groups, for instance, by advertising recorded lectures by Anwar al-Awlaki, the pro-al-Qaeda preacher, on the channel and allowing members and supporters of Hizb ut-Tahrir to host religious programmes. The Channel also uses the phrase ‘human bombs’ to describe suicide bombers. The Islam Channel’s Chief Executive is Mohammed Ali Harrath who has been convicted in Tunisia on terrorism-related offences and who is the subject of an Interpol Red Notice. He was most recently arrested in relation to this in South Africa in January 2010. Harrath has regularly advised key parts of the British government, including the police force, on how they should tackle extremism and terrorism. Quilliam calls on Ofcom, the UK broadcasting regulator, to hold a full investigation into the Islam Channel’s recent output. Talal Rajab, the report’s author, says: “Islam Channel is the most watched Muslim TV channel in the UK. Unfortunately during the three-month period that we monitored its output, it repeatedly promoted bigoted and reactionary views towards women, non-Muslims and other Muslims who follow different versions of Islam. Although the channel does not directly call for terrorist violence, it clearly helps to create an atmosphere in which religiously-sanctioned intolerance and even hatred might be seen as acceptable.” “By promoting a single narrow version of Islam – namely Saudi Wahhabism – at the expense of more diverse and tolerant schools of Islamic thought, the Islam Channel is wasting an enormous opportunity to positively shaping British Islam. Young British Muslims need real answers on how to live as citizens in a pluralist, secular and diverse society. Unfortunately instead of providing useful guidance the Channel promotes an intolerant rigid and out-of-date form of Islam that is of no benefit to either Muslims or society as whole.”  

Article: JED Feather and Freedom / JED Plume et Liberté (only in French)

Keywords: Africa, French, journalism, newspaper, news, ethics, freedom of expression & diversity, press, media, human rights, resource for all, print, online This is a newspaper published by francophone Journalists In Danger (JED). JED is an independent organization created in Kinshasa through the initiative of a group of Congolese journalists (RDC) and it’s dedicated to defending and promoting freedom of press in the Democratic Republic of Congo and 8 other African Countries covered by the OMAC (Organisation of Central African Media).  JED Plume et Liberte 009 [FR].pdf  JED Plume et Liberte 011 [FR].pdf  JED Plume et Liberte 2005 [FR].pdf  JED Plume et Liberte [FR].pdf

Article: Journalism and Human Rights: IFJ handbook on human rights reporting in SE Europe

Keywords: Europe, English, south east Europe, Ethnicity, disability, refugees, gender, children, journalism, police, detention, courts, general; diversity, EU, human rights, resources for media, media organizations Gives an overview of the problems, and provides advice about fair reporting on following categories: ethnicity, disability, refugees, gender, children, peace journalism, police and detention issues. Also gives the overview of the relevant international declarations and documents covering human rights. Written by Peter McIntyre.  Journalism and Human Rights IFJ handbook [EN].pdf


Article: Khmer girls' trafficking ordeal

Keywords: Asia, sexuality, gender, media content, print Two Cambodian girls who went to Thailand in search of work and were forced into prostitution speak to the BBC's Kylie Morris. Article by Kylie Morris - BBC News, 2 June, 2005. Khmer girls' trafficking ordeal.doc


Article: Killing Screens: Media in Times of Conflict

Keywords: International, English, conflict, media, report, study. Many journalists become desktop murderers during a country's decline, according to journalist Dr Dusan Reljic, whose book "Killing Screens: Media in Times of Conflict" is an examination of the connection between journalism and conflict. The spiral of real violence is often initially prepared in the media and almost always twisted further by it, according to this study, which looks at how - in situations of intra-state tension and conflict - the same basic journalistic methods are applied in different political cultures. (by Dr Dusan Reljic, The European Institute for the Media, 2001) Killing Screens - Media in Times of Conflict [EN].pdf  

Article: King’s College Study on UK Media Coverage of the 2016 EU Referendum Campaign

Keywords: International, English, UK, EU, Referendum, Brexit, immigration, migrants, refugees, diversity in general, journalism, media, all media formats, resources for media A study by King’s College London’s Centre for the Study of Media, Communication and Power, shows that immigration was ‘the most prominent referendum issue’ in the UK media during the EU Referendum campaign in 2016. Most print front pages during the pre-Referendum or Brexit campaign focused on immigration. For example, out of the 195 EU Referendum-related front pages in the UK print media, 99 focused on immigration, followed by the economy with 82 front pages. The study’s authors also highlight a clear and important shift towards a stronger emphasis on immigration during the 10-week campaign. The study is the first to analyse all articles referencing political issues within the context of the EU Referendum that were published by the 20 main UK news outlets online during the official 10-week campaign, 15,000 articles in total. These outlets include the online platforms of national press and broadcasters as well as online only news outlets. All front-page lead stories on every print newspaper were also incorporated in the analysis.

Article: Kristina Bojanovic Media and Identities

Keywords: International, English, media, identity, ethics, rules, law, journalism, report, review, print This text represent reaction on huge authority of exterior experience that is given to us in aggressive forms of media authority and strategic – technological manipulation with person, its identity, community and human world generally, treating to put out the personal fire that burns in spiritual space of art, religion and relation toward Other.

Article: Living together as equals in dignity

Keywords: Europe, English, French, diversity, culture, intercultural dialogue, publication Managing Europe’s increasing cultural diversity – rooted in the history of the continent and enhanced by globalisation – in a democratic manner has become a priority the recent years. The White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue – “Living together as equals in dignity”, responds to an increasing demand to clarify how intercultural dialogue can enhance diversity while sustaining social cohesion. The White Paper emphatically argues in the name of the governments of the 47 member states of the Council of Europe that the common future depends on the ability to safeguard and develop human rights, as enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights, democracy and the rule of law, and to promote mutual understanding and respect. It concludes that the intercultural approach offers a forward-looking model for the management of cultural diversity. Please find here the information about the book in English and in French  

Article: Making Poverty the Story

Keywords: International, English, Portuguese, development, millenium development goals, poverty, media ethics, media development, handbook, resources for media, all media formats The report, published by Panos Institute, argues that the time has come for all policy actors to recognise and support the potentially crucial contribution of the mass media to efforts to reduce poverty in low-income countries. The report underlines that media, while safeguarding their critical independence, could indirectly help support the wider communication strategies needed to boost public engagement in poverty reduction strategies. Making Poverty the Story [EN] Making Poverty the Story [PT]


Article: Marginalised Communities and the Media

Keywords: International, English, diversity, minority, marginalized communities, community media, new media, social networks, interactive map, map, articles In the following map, you can find the links of the articles, written by Students of the 2011/2 International Journalism MA of the City University, regarding the marginalised minorities or communities in their own countries/regions. Special attention has been given on how the community had been covered in the past and on how many (of the members) could now tell their own stories using new media and social networks. Here is the link of the interactive map.  

Article: MDI Report on Media in Four Regions in Russia

Keywords: Russia, Dagestan, Stavropol, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, English, Russian, ethnic minorities, Muslims, Chechens, migrants, Caucasians, women, LGBT, study, report, media monitoring, print, TV, online This Media Diversity Institute (MDI) report was conducted in the second half of 2013 in four Russian regions - Dagestan, Stavropol, Saratov, Sverdlovsk. It was aimed at better understanding if and how regional media in Russia are portraying migrants, and ethnic, gender and vulnerable groups. MDI report is part of the project "Fighting Discrimination in Russia through Tolerant and Inclusive Reporting". This MDI project in partnership with the Russian Union of Journalists (RUJ) aspired to contribute to greater freedom of expression for all viewpoints in Russian society, and to promote equality and fight discrimination, by equipping journalists with the skills to report ethically and inclusively on ethnic and racial diversity. This report is available in Russian and English language. It was conducted by Anna Sevortian, consultant and former director for Human Rights Watch in Russia (2010-2013). MDI_Monitoring_Report_in_Russia EN MDI_Monitoring Report_in Russia RU

Article: MDI Study on How Inclusive are Media in Egypt

Keywords: Egypt, English, Arabic, diversity in general, women, minorities, journalism, report, study, TV, radio, print The Media Diversity Institute (MDI) produced a study on how inclusive and diverse Egyptian media content is both in print and broadcast media. The study includes four reports produced within two-year MDI programme "Embracing Free Expression, Diversity and Inclusiveness: Rebuilding post-revolution Egyptian media" funded by SIDA. MDI study showed a severe under-representation of all minority groups in Egyptian media. All four reports on media diversity in Egypt in Arabic and English language can be downloaded here. MDI reports in English: MDI_Egypt_Media_Report_1_English MDI Egypt Media Report 2 English MDI Egypt Media Report 3 English MDI Egypt Media Report 4 English MDI reports in Arabic: MDI Egypt Media Report 1 Arabic MDI Egypt Media Report 2 Arabic MDI Egypt Media Report 3 Arabic MDI Egypt Media Report 4 Arabic

Article: Media Against Intolerance and Discrimination

Keywords: Eastern Europe, Estonia, Russia, English, general diversity, ethnicity, human rights, EU, report, guide, online A report with the results of the monitoring of Estonian media in year 2005. It focuses on how media responded to the following issues: equal treatment, concrete cases from Estonia, EU related legislation and policies, stereotypes, clichés... Secondly, it analyses cases of discrimination of ethnic minorities in Estonia retrieved by the LICHR on the telephone hotline from the victims of discrimination.

Article: Media and migration: the controversial terms of a complex debate / Media e migrazione: i termini controversi di un dibattito complesso (only in Italian)

Keywords: All regions, italian, migrants, article, social diversity models, resource for academics and NGOs, online This article deals with the subjects of migrations in Europe and diversity. In particular it questions about the representation of “the other” that European people have, towards migrant people.

Article: Media in Sri Lanka

Keywords: Rest of the world, Sri Lanka, English, socially disadvantaged groups, article, human rights, media ethics & diversity, freedom of expression & diversity, resource for media and NGOs, print, online Article written by Sanjana Hattotuwa, Senior Researcher, published by CPA in The Sunday Leader on the of 28 June 2009. The article points up the right for all citizens in Sri Lanka to have access to tools and technologies that allow them to produce, disseminate and consume news and information beyond traditional media coverage.  Media in Sri Lanka [EN].pdf

Article: Media misreporting of mental illness is no joke

Keywords: Western Europe, [EN], disabilities, media, article, media ethics & diversity, print This article by The Press Gazette, shows that the 60% of UK people with mental health problems blame media coverage for discrimination that they experience in their daily lives. Liz Nightingale from Rethink, the UK's largest severe mental illness charity, writes that the organisation's members think that misrepresentation adds to a stigma that is often worse than the illness itself. Media misreporting of mental illness is no joke [EN].doc

Article: Media Portrayals of Morocco

Keywords: ethnicity, race & national identity, English, UK, Middle East & North Africa, media ethic & diversity, human rights, media, study, print Arab Media Watch monitored editorials, columns, commentaries, analyses and features from the British national daily press for 20 months: June 2006 - February 2008. This study focused on press commentary on Morocco rather than straight news coverage. As such, news articles were largely excluded. Media Portrayals of Morocco [EN].pdf

Article: Media Silent on Evidence of Israeli Targeting of Youngsters

Keywords: Children & youth, national identity, refugees, IDPs, UK, Middle East & North Africa, study, human rights, conflict, media ethics & diversity, English, print, online media This study, by Media Lens, highlights the lack of media coverage on a news fact about an Israeli aircraft who targeted a group of young Palestinian boys. Media Silent on Evidence of Israeli Targeting of Youngsters [EN].pdf

Article: MEDIVA - Media For Diversity And Migrant Integration Consolidating Knowledge & Assessing Media Practices across the EU

The MEDIVA project ( seeks to strengthen the capacity of the media to reflect the increasing diversity of European societies and thus foster a better understanding of immigrant integration processes at a time when social cohesion and integration policies are put to the test by an acute economic crisis. To achieve this aim, the project will: 1. survey existing studies/projects assessing the media capacity to reflect diversity and promote migrant integration (looking at 5 aspects: content of news, news making and programme production, recruitment,employment, training) across Europe: 2.  create a searchable database of these studies: 3. create a set of Indicators assessing the capacity of the media to reflect diversity and promote integrations 4. assess 30 selected media outlets (TV channels, newspapers, news web sites) across Europe on the basis of these indicators; 5. organize 5 Internat.Workshops to present the database, the indicators and discuss how they can be used 6. create and use a targeted e-mail list of relevant stakeholders to disseminate the project results (database, indicators, their use for policy assessment/policy design and journalist training). In addition, MEDIVA offers Non Discrimination Provisions in Codes of Practice/ Ethics of Journalists in 27 EU Member States:    

Article: MEDIVA offers a searchable database of studies/projects related to the media and immigration

The MEDIVA project seeks to strengthen the capacity of the media to reflect the increasing diversity of European societies and thus foster a better understanding of immigrant integration processes at a time when social cohesion and integration policies are put to the test by an acute economic crisis. The MEDIVA project surveys existing studies/projects assessing the media capacity to reflect diversity and promote migrant integration (looking at 5 aspects: content of news, news making and programme production, recruitment,employment, training) across Europe; Moreover, the MEDIVA offers a searchable database of these studies:    

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