Theme: Media Ethics (Resources)

Article: "Reach! Engage! Change!": MDI Media Relations Handbook for CSOs

Keywords: International, Arabic, media relations, civil society, diversity in general, minorities, journalism, media in general, guide, handbook, manual, resources for media, resources for CSOs “Reach! Engage! Change!” is an online media relations guide for civil society organisations publishyed by the Media Diversity Institute (MDI). The first published version is in Arabic. The author of the handbook is Danica Dasha Ilic, a freelance journalist and media trainer. Nawel Hafid Guellal, Founder & Executive Director of Human Development Network (HDN), wrote a preface to the Algerian edition. The handbook was translated by Farouk Tazerouti. This edition has been partially based on “A Media Relations Handbook for Non-Governmental Organisations” by the author Sarah Silver, published by MDI and the Independent Journalism Foundation in 2003.  With updated content and new chapters dedicated to digital forms of communication, MDI believes that it has produced a new handbook that will be useful to a new generation of civil society activists. The potential readership of the handbook is not limited to CSO activists only. On the contrary, it can be useful for media professionals and journalists too. Reach, Eengage, Change" Media Relations Handbook for CSOs.pdf      

Article: 'Who Makes the News?' - global media monitoring

Keywords: International, English, gender, news, study report, journalism ethics. Even though women constitute more than a half of the world's population, only 10% of news stories worldwide have women as a central focus. Women are featured as spokespeople only in 14%, and as experts only in 17% of news stories. The figures come from Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) - the most extensive global research into gender in news media ever undertaken - maps the representation of women and men in news media worldwide. The Media Diversity Institute has been one of the partners in promotion of the GMMP. The whole project is coordinated by the World Association for Christian Communication. (WACC) For more information visit:

Article: 12 Steps to Opening up the Newspaper

Keywords: International, media ethics & diversity, guide, report, study, initiatives/projects, social diversity models To diversify, to open up coverage, to grow, to move fast, newspapers are beginning to discover they need to make big changes. I call these broad moves toward new people, practices and products the creation of The Open Newspaper. Article by Eric Newton - The Freedom Forum. 12 Steps to Opening up the Newspaper.doc  

Article: 90% of UK Muslim students surveyed want media coverage of Muslims to change

Keywords: Western Europe, UK, English, religion & belief, media ethics & diversity, media content, print, visual A survey of 400 Muslim students in Britain by the Federation of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) following the 7 July bombings in London found that 90 percent feel that the way Muslims are presented in the media needs to be changed. One student commented that "my local paper recently had a picture of Muslims praying on the front page, with the headline 'Extremism hits our Town'." BBC Coverage the survey.doc Black UK Online coverage of the survey.doc FOSIS' report on its survey.doc Spiked-Online coverage of the survey.doc    

Article: A coloured view? media coverage of migrant-issues during times of election / Een gekleurde kijk? media-coverage van migranten-kwesties in de verkiezings-tijd (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, Dutch, refugees & migrants, politics, report/study, print [EN]During election time (Fortuyn-hype) the  media; a) focuses heavily on migrants; b) approaches them in a very negative sense; c) moreover seldom in the perspective of the immigrant themselves. In a short period of time the agenda-setting and framing in the media seem to have gone the wrong way.

Article: A manual for investigative journalists

Keywords: International, English, French, guide, journalism, media, reporting, resources for media, all media formats This manual provides a guide to basic methods and techniques of investigative journalism, and it consciously fills a gap in the literature of the profession. The majority of investigative manuals devote a lot of space to the subject of where to find information. They assume that once a reporter finds the information he or she seeks, he or she will be able to compose a viable story. The authors do not share that assumption: the core task is telling a story.  A manual for investigative journalists [EN].pdf  A manual for investigative journalists [FR].pdf  

Article: A Problem Brewing: Media Coverage of Roma in Romania

Keywords: Europe, media ethics, roma, media content On the train to the airport, just before I left Romania, the person sitting next to me told me “Gypsies do nothing but steal and rob us – the Romanians.” It wasn’t a member of the Iron Guard or a skinhead sitting next to me, but an elderly lady travelling with her five-year-old grandson.

Article: A qualitative study about the position of foreign journalists in print media / Een kwalitatieve studie naar de positie van de allochtone journalist binnen de geschreven media (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, Dutch, diversity, media ethics and diversity, study/report, print [EN] A study that came from the question why there work so few foreign journalists in the Dutch media. Several other studies talked about a ‘white’ editorial-culture. Much is written about the foreign journalist but not much from the view from the foreign journalist themselves. Furthermore the study will create some kind of career-sketch on the foreign journalists that did find a job in the Dutch print media.

Article: A study by Thames Valley University on Effects of the Media Priming Asylum-seeker Stereotypes on Thoughts and Behaviour

Keywords: Western Europe, English, migrants, asylum seekers and refugees, study, report, media diversity & ethics Stereotypical assumptions about asylum-seekers in the UK are an area of serious social and political concern. This study, led by Thames Valley University, uses a series of psychological experiments to ascertain to what degree media accounts of asylum-seekers affect the assumptions of those exposed to them.

Article: A Study on Diversity and Equality in the French-speaking Press in Belgium

Keywords: Europe, Belgium, French, diversity, equality, ethics, study, survey, press The Association of Professional Journalists (AJP) published the first study that examines the diversity and equality in the French-speaking press in Belgium. The study examined 2225 articles of six newspapers over a period of 3 days. The results of the study show that the media coverage in the French-speaking press in Belgium is largely male-dominated with less than 18% of women being present. The coverage of minority groups is scant with an overwhelming majority (83%) of the news focusing on "white" Caucasians. The study also shows that disabled people are often ignored by the press; among the 2225 news articles, only 32 disabled people (representing 0.33% of news coverage) were mentioned in the news. The study is only available in French. A Study on Diversity and Equality in the French-speaking Press in Belgium  

Article: A world of diversity, also in the media? / Een wereld van diversiteit, ook in de media?

Keywords: All regions, Dutch, media ethics & diversity, article, resources for media, print [DU] De wereld verandert, daarom veranderen onze magazines ook.” Die ferme stelling wordt even toegepast op de toegenomen culturele diversiteit in de wereld van vandaag en morgen. Twee journalistes correspondeerden erover: Soaade Messoudi, redactrice bij Wereldwijd Magazine, en Khadija Magardie, een Zuid-Afrikaanse journaliste die het afgelopen jaar twee reportages publiceerde in hetzelfde blad. [EN] The world changes, that’s why our magazines are as well. For now, this proposition is being applied on the growing cultural diversity in the world today and tomorrow. Two journalists coresponded about it; Soaade messoudi, editor of the Worldwide Magazine and Khadija Magardie, a South african journalist that published two articles in the same magazine.   A world of diversity, also in the media [DU].doc  

Article: Addressing the needs of Muslim Communities

Keywords: All Europe, English, French, German, discrimination, reports, case study, Islam, social diversity models, minorities, resource for trainers and NGOs, print This publication provides a number of examples of good practice or initiatives at the local level from across European cities. They illustrate models of mainstreaming anti-discrimination and social cohesion. They highlight that some municipalities and regions target their integration policies/strategies toward Muslim communities, while others apply generic integration policies/strategies towards ethnic minorities. These are valuable lessons to be learned and shared with municipalities and regions across Europe. FRA EU Addressing the needs of Muslim communities [EN].pdf FRA EU Addressing the needs of Muslim communities [DE].pdf FRA EU Addressing the needs of Muslim communities [FR].pdf

Article: Ageism in the Media is seen as Harmful to Health of the Elderly

Keywords: North America, English, age, health. The negative images of the elderly in the mass media pose a serious threat to the life expectancy of the old, finds this article from 'The Los Angeles Times'. The elderly are also largely ignored when it comes to product advertising, and many elderly people feel slighted by this. Ageism in the Media Is Seen as Harmful to Health of the Elderly [EN].doc

Article: Almost 25 years of Media and Minority policy / Bijna 25 jaar media- en minderhedenbeleid (in Dutch only)

Keywords: Western Europe, The Netherlands, Dutch, diversity in general, guideline, media ethics and diversity, resource for all, print [DU] Een overzicht van de geschiedenis en de hedendaagse situatie van de Nederlandse media en minderheden beleid. [EN] An overview of the history and the current situation of the media and minorities policies in the Dutch media.   Almost 25 years of Media and Minority policy [DU].pdf  

Article: An important sport, okay but for whom? / Een belangrijke sport, okay. Maar voor wie? (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, The Netherlands, Dutch, diversity, media ethic and diversity, article, resource for media, print [DU] Gedurende de Olympische Spelen bracht de NOS ruim twee weken zestien uur televisie vanuit Athene. Ga er maar aanstaan als redactie. Welke afwegingen maak je bij de selectie van sportbeelden? Kleiduivenschieten, beachvolleybal, honkbal, synchroonzwemmen, gewichtheffen of toch maar atletiek? In het artikel met de kop ‘Het chauvinisme van Studio Sport’, dat afgelopen dinsdag in de Volkskrant verscheen, was de leidende vraag: laat Studio Sport zich teveel leiden door chauvinisme? Nee, meent Maarten Nooter, hoofdredacteur van Studio Sport. Om vervolgens uit de doeken te doen welke drie vragen dagelijks ten grondslag liggen aan de dagelijkse uitzendingen van de Olympische Spelen op Nederland 2. 1. Is het een belangrijke sport? 2. Doet er een Nederlander mee? 3. Valt er een beslissing? [EN] An article by Ed Klute, the director of Mira Media about the broadcasting of the NOS during the Olympics in Athens.  The leading question; Is NOS Studio Sport too chauvinistic? Why do they decide to focus on one particular sport rather than another? Do they keep in account our growing population-group with a non-Dutch background?  An important sport, okay but for whom [DU].doc    

Article: An injustice to the injustice: Palestinian refugees & the media

Keywords: Refugees, IDPs, Asylum seeker & migrants, UK, Middle East & North Africa, online article, conflict, media ethics & diversity, English, Arabic, resources for all, any types of media format, media organisations This is a commentary by Arab Media Watch chairman Sharif Hikmat Nashashibi, about the media coverage on British media, on the Palestinian refugees issue. For fuurther information visit:    

Article: Angry looks / Sguardi partecip ed arrabbiati (only in Italian)

Keywords: Italy, Italian, disabled people, TV, media, representation, Centro Documentazione Handicap It’s a collection of testimonies by disabled people (especially these unable to see and to hear) about the problems they have, daily, on following news, TV programs, etc…  due to the low standard of attention toward disabled people, in Italy.

Article: Anti-migrant roar ends in whimper

Keywords: All Europe, article, media content, roma, media ethics & diversity Earlier this year, the UK's 'Daily Express' newspaper dedicated numerous front pages to the threat of '1.6 million Gipsies' who were 'ready to flood in' to Britain on 1 May, when the European Union was expanded.


Article: Anti-Western Propaganda in the Georgian Media

Keywords: International, English, Georgia, Russia, EU, Europe, US, West, human rights, xenophobia, homophobia, journalism, propaganda, monitoring, media, print, digital, resources for media Media Development Foundation’s (MDF) monitoring report aims to expose and identify the source of anti-Western propaganda in connection to xenophobic and homophobic messages in the Georgian media landscape through the analysis of print and digital media in the period 2014-2015. MDF observed that Western values and human rights such as the ‘legalisation’ of homosexuality and minority rights were presented as a fight against Orthodox Christianity and Georgian national identity. Accordingly, Western endeavours for gender equality were similarly constructed as a threat to Georgia, supposedly attacking Georgian family traditions.

Article: Ask These 10 Questions to Make Good Ethical Decisions

Keywords: International, media ethics & diversity, training/education materials, resources for media/trainers Ask These 10 Questions to Make Good Ethical Decisions, by Bob Steele, The Poynter Institute. Ask These 10 Questions to Make Good Ethical Decisions Ask these 10 Questions.doc

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