Theme: Peace Journalsim (Resources)

Article: King’s College Study on UK Media Coverage of the 2016 EU Referendum Campaign

Keywords: International, English, UK, EU, Referendum, Brexit, immigration, migrants, refugees, diversity in general, journalism, media, all media formats, resources for media A study by King’s College London’s Centre for the Study of Media, Communication and Power, shows that immigration was ‘the most prominent referendum issue’ in the UK media during the EU Referendum campaign in 2016. Most print front pages during the pre-Referendum or Brexit campaign focused on immigration. For example, out of the 195 EU Referendum-related front pages in the UK print media, 99 focused on immigration, followed by the economy with 82 front pages. The study’s authors also highlight a clear and important shift towards a stronger emphasis on immigration during the 10-week campaign. The study is the first to analyse all articles referencing political issues within the context of the EU Referendum that were published by the 20 main UK news outlets online during the official 10-week campaign, 15,000 articles in total. These outlets include the online platforms of national press and broadcasters as well as online only news outlets. All front-page lead stories on every print newspaper were also incorporated in the analysis.

Article: MDI special report: Refugees in Georgia

Keywords: Caucasus, Georgia, NGO, English, media diversity, Refugee/IDPs, study/report, media content, print Refugees and IDPs have been key issue in Georgia since the breakup of the Soviet Union. In August 2004, MDI brought together an eight-person team of Georgian print journalists to produce an in-depth investigation of the situation of refugees and IDPs in Georgia.

Article: Monitoring Report: Messages of Russian TV

Keywords: International, Europe, US, Russia, Ukraine, Eastern Partnership, English, media, monitoring, propaganda, TV, journalism, resources for media Media monitoring report conducted in 2015 by a Slovak monitoring group MEMO 98, Internews Ukraine and Yerevan Press Club (YPC) of Armenia finds that Russian viewers of television news and current affairs are being told that their country has been targeted by the United States in a ‘western plot’ to bring their country to its knees. Russian TV channels also accuse the US of fomenting the war with Ukraine, while the role of the EU has been downplayed, says the report.

Article: Multimedia educational programs delivered by BigPictureSmallWorld Inc.

Keywords: International, English, education, media, human rights, ethnicity & race, online BigPictureSmallWorld™’s mission is to turn information overload into sensible knowledge that leads to effective action. We seek to motivate and excite students and others about the wonders and challenges of our global predicament and how we can participate in shaping the world to match our values.

Article: Post-Conflict Reconstruction & the Media: Discussion Points

Keywords: International, English, peace journalism, media ethics, conflict, education, guide. Truth, justice, vengeance and forgiveness are societal responses to collective violence. They are also emotive buzz words used in discussions of post conflict societal reconstruction. But what do they really mean? Post-Conflict Reconstruction & the Media - Discussion Points [EN].doc

Article: Refugees in the picture / Vluchtelingen in beeld (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, the Netherlands, Dutch, refugees and migrants, other web resource, media ethics and diversity. DU] Een verslag van een presentatie gehouden door Bart Top over vluchtelingen in de media [EN] A report on a presentation held by Bart Top about refugees and the media.    

Article: Representation and reality of the complex Balkan conflicts: photography, newspaper article and the documentary

Keywords: Western Europe, Italy, Italian, Balkans, conflict, photojournalism, media, documentary, newspaper article, Osservatorio Balcani, print A study about the different ways of treating the Balkan conflicts by the media. The photojournalism, the newsaper article and the documentary, between reality and representation. Here they are presented the case studies of Claus Bjorn Larsen, Gill Peress, Paolo Rumiz e Andrea Rossini.

Article: Romanian Journalists Find Tolerance a Hard Lesson to Learn

Keywords: South Eastern Europe, English, journalism, media ethics & diversity Like many formerly communist states in Eastern Europe, Romania has a long way to go in accepting the clash of views and opinions and in tolerating differences. "Tolerance is a hard lesson to learn," says Ion Zubascu, a journalist who participated in a seminar, "Minorities in the Mass Media," which was convened late last month at the Hotel Dorobanti. Article by Milica Pesic - The Freedom Forum, 26 Febrary, 1999.

Article: Shukran (only in Italian)

Keywords: Italy, Italian, RAI, public channel, TV, program, law, Asylum seekers & Migrants, media content, Initiative/Project, legal resources, online media, media Shukran is a weekly column proposed by the public Italian channel RAI 3. The general topic of this program is immigration – analyzed under different aspects. One of its aims is to explain to the audience the bureaucratic difficulties encountered by new immigrants. Also, it intends to help people understanding the laws and the rules about  immigration regulation in Italy, while giving an example of “the changing Italian society”.

Article: Striking a balance

Keywords: Diversity, International, book, freedom of expression & diversity, hate speech, human rights, English, print, ONG This book, published by Article 19, deeply analyzes the following themes: hate speech, freedom of expression and non-discrimination. The book is divided in four main parts and on the 3rd you will find several case studies related to the above-mentioned subjects but referring every one to a different country. Striking a balance [EN].pdf

Article: The Media and the Rwanda Genocide

Keywords: International, Africa, Rwanda, English, media, education, study, conflict resolution, journalism This is the first book to explore both sides of that media equation. The book examines how local radio and print media were used as a tool of hate, encouraging neighbours to turn against each other. It also presents a critique of international media coverage of the cataclysmic events in Rwanda.

Article: The Media's Role in Preventing and Moderating Conflict

Keywords: International, English, media, conflict, guide, good practice. We cannot avoid asking ourselves what more can be done to reduce and prevent conflict and the suffering that attends it, but why invoke the media in this context? Because, taken together, mass media technologies, institutions, professionals, norms, and practices constitute a fundamental force shaping the lives of individuals and the fate of peoples and nations. The media constitute a major human resource whose potential to help prevent and moderate social violence begs to be discussed, evaluated, and, where appropriate, mobilized..... (by Robert Karl Manoff - RD Manual, 1997) The Media's Role in Preventing and Moderating Conflict [EN].doc

Article: The Migration Observatory

Based at the Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS) at the University of Oxford, the Migration Observatory provides independent, authoritative, evidence-based analysis of data on migration and migrants in the UK, to inform media, public and policy debates, and to generate high quality research on international migration and public policy issues.    

Article: The Other

Keywords: International, English, minorities discrimination, diversity in general, book, print, social diversity models, peace journalism Ryszard Kapuscinski - the author of The Other - witnessed and reported major wars, coups and revolutions as they happened throughout the developing world and global South. In this distillation of his reflections accumulated from a lifetime of travel, he takes a fresh look at the Western idea of the Other: the non-European or non-American.

Article: The role of the Media in Supporting Peace-Building and Reconciliation in Central Sulawesi, Maluku and North Maluku

Keywords: International, Africa, English, entertainment education, media, ethics, journalism, study, conflict Reliable, accurate and objective media, whether it be mainstream, alternative or traditional/nonconventional, can both prevent and resolve conflict through the automatic functions of responsibly disseminating information, furthering awareness and knowledge, promoting participatory and transparent governance, and addressing perceived grievances.

Article: Thousands and one voices: the south of the world seen by media, between reality and representation

Keywords: Middle East, Africa, South America, South Eastern Europe, Italian, journalism, media, stereotypes, education, information, ACRA, online Thousands and one voices is an essays and interviews’ compilation, made by foreigner journalists and by experts in information and media languages. They report a series of experiences whose aim is to tell to readers about the south of the world, trying to overcome its stereotyped representations.

Article: Tips: What a Peace Journalist Would Try to Do?

Keywords: International, [EN], guidebook, education, media ethics, peace journalism. The following notes are from Peace Journalism — How To Do It, by Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick (, written Sydney, 2000. See the two contrasting articles by Jake Lynch which illustrate some of these points. Tips What a Peace Journalist Would Try to Do [EN].doc

Article: Uncovering Media Bias: The “Ground Zero Mosque” Case Study

This study is intended to be an initial step towards a deeper analysis of how concrete media messages (in time and location) facilitate cultural perceptions that deliver political language, ultimately channeling policy (locally and globally). For the UNAOC, research such as this is immensely valuable since the main goal of the organization is to support constructive intercultural dialogue between different cultures and religions of the world. What an individual believes as true knowledge about “the other” is of paramount importance for the establishment of open communication and sincere understanding among different groups. In contemporary societies media messages are the main providers of the information that develops (for the individual as well as for the group) into the perceived truth, understood as unbiased knowledge, of what “the other” is and represents. The media representation of Islam is repeatedly linked to controversial events and conflicts. One such example is the controversy of the so-called “Ground Zero Mosque,” a local New York City debate that became a US national issue, then a global issue, catalyzing international media attention around this contentious label. The goal of this study was to observe and analyze the impact that this “non-event” had on media. To do so, the research teams analyzed online and printed media from the US, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. The story and the story telling Park51 is a planned Muslim community center to be located two blocks from the World Trade Center site in lower Manhattan. The proposed plan includes a performing arts center, a fitness center, a bookstore, a culinary school, a September 11 memorial, and a prayer space for the Muslim community. It is intended to be a platform for multi-faith dialogue. The plans were reviewed and approved by the local community board in May 2010. Conservative bloggers affiliated with the group “Stop Islamization of America,” launched a campaign against the project, renaming it the "Ground Zero Mosque,” which prompted a national controversy. The story attracted national media attention, which discussed the mosque set to be erected in the heart of Ground Zero—a much more sensational story than that of a Muslim cultural center located “two blocks away.” Politicians started using it as a political campaign issue for the 2010 US midterm elections. The story became so controversial that President Obama made the statement: “As a citizen, and as president, I believe that Muslims have the same right to practice their religion as everyone else in this country…that includes the right to build a place of worship and a community center on private property in lower Manhattan, in accordance with local laws and ordinances.” Results The research shows that in the US different political interests set the media agenda. Internationally, news outlets that similarly labeled the story consciously understood the harmful nature of this misuse of terminology, as evidenced by warnings of bigotry and Islamophobia. However, their reports still focused on confrontation. Media concentrated on the sensational part of the story. Drawing an emotional connection with readers is seen as more effective than the information itself. Additionally, international media told the story through the US media lens: journalists used information elaborated by other journalists as a primary source, which helped to produce perceptions of fear and threat. Insufficient knowledge and the misuse of terminology, therefore, may create a disinformation effect that can threaten peace in multicultural communities. The importance of media literacy Citizenship education should address questions relevant to the role of media in multicultural societies. Individuals should be aware of how the media deal with migrants, multiculturalism, and, in this particular case, Islamic culture and religion. They should be enabled and encouraged to develop critical thinking skills in order to differentiate media messages and identify stereotypes, Islamophobia, radicalism, and racism within the media discourse. For more information about Uncovering Media Bias: The “Ground Zero Mosque” Case Study, please visit: The research project has been conducted by the International Center on Media & the Public Agenda (ICMPA), at the University of Maryland (USA),  and the Gabinete de Comunicación y Educación of the University Autònoma of Barcelona (Spain), in partnership with the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC)

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