Theme: Social Diversity Models (Resources)

Article: Media reporting on Migrants / Wie Medien über Migranten berichten (only in German)

Keywords: Western Europe, Germany, German, migration, migrants, diversity, media ethics & diversity, report, online article, good & bad practices, journalism, hate speech, social diversity model, resource for all, print, online The following article examines the benefits of media integration in the larger context of communication and media research. As results from media content analysis show, the media spread a rather negative image of immigrants living here, thus contributing to the spread of the Natives Fremdenfeinlichkeit contribute. The authors give recommendations for a better media practice and also show perspectives of the research on media effects.  Media reporting on Migrants [DE].pdf

Article: Media use and integration of the Turkish population in Germany / Mediennutzung und Integration der türkischen Bevölkerung in Deutschland (only in German)

Keywords: Wester Europe, Germany, Turkey, German, integration, migration, media, national identity, study, report, social diversity models, education, resource for all, print, online A representative survey on behalf of the federal government investigated the relationship between media use and social integration of the Turkish population in Germany. Numerous forms of media and integration of six different milieus crystallize it were. A mixed-use both German and Turkish media are found in the three relatively well-integrated environment. But even in environments that are heavily influenced by the German society to define, German media are used. Since the media seems thresholds are lower than the threshold of real life worlds media could play an important role in integration.  Media use and integration of the Turkish population in Germany [DE].pdf

Article: MEDIVA - Media For Diversity And Migrant Integration Consolidating Knowledge & Assessing Media Practices across the EU

The MEDIVA project ( seeks to strengthen the capacity of the media to reflect the increasing diversity of European societies and thus foster a better understanding of immigrant integration processes at a time when social cohesion and integration policies are put to the test by an acute economic crisis. To achieve this aim, the project will: 1. survey existing studies/projects assessing the media capacity to reflect diversity and promote migrant integration (looking at 5 aspects: content of news, news making and programme production, recruitment,employment, training) across Europe: 2.  create a searchable database of these studies: 3. create a set of Indicators assessing the capacity of the media to reflect diversity and promote integrations 4. assess 30 selected media outlets (TV channels, newspapers, news web sites) across Europe on the basis of these indicators; 5. organize 5 Internat.Workshops to present the database, the indicators and discuss how they can be used 6. create and use a targeted e-mail list of relevant stakeholders to disseminate the project results (database, indicators, their use for policy assessment/policy design and journalist training). In addition, MEDIVA offers Non Discrimination Provisions in Codes of Practice/ Ethics of Journalists in 27 EU Member States:    

Article: MEDIVA Presents Non Discrimination Provisions in Codes of Practice/ Ethics of Journalists in 27 EU Member States

Among other things the Mediva Project has been exploring issues connected with the media representation of, and the involvement in media of, third country nationals who may be the subject of discrimination or a hostile media culture in the EU states to which they have migrated within the EU. To this end the codes of practice/ethics of journalists in the 27 EU member states have been examined and relevant 'non-discrimination' provisions have been identified.

Article: Migrant studies / Migranten studies (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, The Netherlands, Dutch, migrants, other web resources, magazine, migrants, online [EN] A magazine for migrant and ethnic studies [DU] Tijdschrift voor migrant en ethnische studies  

Article: Migrants and their descendants - Guide to policies for the well-being of all in pluralist societies, published by the Council of Europe

Migration to and within Europe has profoundly changed the life and image of the continent. This guide offers theoretical and practical tools for an innovative approach to a key political issue: how, along with our immigrant fellow-citizens, can we build a fair and plural society that ensures the well-being or all? By moving beyond rigid categories like "foreigner", "immigrant" and "illegal , and ambiguous concepts like "identity", "diversity , "immigration control and "integration", this guide suggests that policy makers, civil servants and citizens need to question their own vocabulary if they are to grasp the complexity and uniqueness or people's migration paths. Perceiving migrants simply from the host country's point or view - the security, well-being and life-style of its nationals - has limitations. We cannot see people of foreign origin only as a threat or a resource to be exploited. If we see them as stereotypes, we are seeing only a mirror of European fears and contradictory aspirations. This guide helps readers decode and address the structural problems of our society, looking at the accusations made against migrants and the utilitarian view or the advantages that immigrants bring to host societies. In publishing this guide, the Council or Europe is seeking to initiate an in-depth debate on the migration issue, which is so high on the European political agenda.

Article: Migrants, Minorities and Education

Keywords: All Europe, English, migrants, minorities, discrimination, study, indicator, education, EU, print, online The main focus of this FRA study is on different forms of disadvantages and unequal treatment experienced by migrants and minorities in school, university and vocational education across the EU Member States. Besides this, an overview of good practices shows each country's efforts to improve the educational situation of these groups, e.g. by carrying out language programmes or offering inter-cultural training. The study finishes with selected recommendations to European Union institutions and Member States. EUMC Migrants Minorities and Education [EN].pdf To see the online version of the article click the following link:    

Article: Migrants, Minorities and Housing

Keyword: All Europe, English, Migrants, Minorities, Housing, discrimination, EU, guide, indicator, print, online This report is based on information supplied by the FRA's national focal points, and it shows that across the EU 15 similar mechanisms of housing disadvantage and discrimination affect migrants and minorities, such as denying access to accommodation on the grounds of the applicant's skin colour, imposing restrictive conditions limiting access to public housing, or even violent physical attacks aimed at deterring minorities from certain neighbourhoods. EUMC Migrants, Minorities and Housing [EN].pdf


Article: Migrants, minorities and legislation

Keywords: All Europe, English, French, human rights, EU, racism, equality, discrimination, migrants, minorities, law, guide, indicator, print, online This FRA study focuses on how different Member States approach the implementation of the Racial Equality Directive by either adapting current legislation or establishing new separate laws. On the other hand, an overview of existing non-discrimination legislation across the EU shows up to which degree anti-discrimination, anti-racism or general equality provisions have already been part of the Member States’ constitutions or specific laws. In addition, the study also highlights exemplary court cases and complaints concerning discrimination, and finishes with selected recommendations for the EU and its Member States. EUMC Migrants, Minorites and Legislation [EN].pdf EUMC Migrants, Minorities and Legislation [FR].pdf To see the online version of the two document, click the following link:  

Article: Migration and Integration – Europe’s big challenge. What role do the media play?

Keywords: Western Europe, Eastern and South East Europe, All Europe, English, diversity, media ethics and diversity, media Literacy, integration, report, print Integration and cultural diversity are at the core components of how Europeans see themselves. They are the guiding principles of a multi-faceted process that is driving Europe toward political unity while at the same time maintaining the continent’s diverse languages and cultures.

Article: Mindless and Deadly: Media hype on mental illness and violence

Keywords: International, English, disabilities, health, media, conflict, article, resource for Academics & media Despite the common media link between mental illness and violence, scientific research has cast doubt on the causal connection, reads this article from US organisation FAIR (‘Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting’). Mindless and Deadly - Media hype on mental illness and violence [EN].doc


Article: Mirroring Images: Ethnic Minorities in the South East European Press

Keywords: South East Europe, English, media diversity, study, report, ethnicity & race. An MDI commissioned research report on press coverage of ethnic minorities in South East Europe. The report is based on content analysis of newspapers in 10 countries and territories: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia. It concludes that coverage of ethnic minorities is related to the quality of inter-ethnic relations in each country; that the press reflects widespread and deeply-rooted stereotypes and prejudices; and that journalistic practices that contribute to intolerance are rife throughout the region. Mirroring Images - Ethnic Minorities in SEE Press report FULL [EN].doc Mirroring Images - Ethnic Minorities in SEE Press report [EN].doc

Article: (only in Italian)

Keywords: Italy, Italian, radio, social, communication, media, website, minorities, culture, immigrants, intolerance, advertising campaign, ethnicity & race, social diversity models, initiative/Project, community/minority media, radio, online media Mondomigrante is a social communication project, promoted by the Italian radio “Contatto Radio – Popolare Network”. It is at the same time: a radio program, an advertising campaign against intolerance and a website. The radio program pays a lot of attention to topical news, culture, the third sector and to foreign communities and minorities living on the territory of Massa – Carrara (north/centre of Italy).  

Article: More colour in media education / Meer kleur in de media opleidingen (in Dutch only)

Keywords: All regions, Dutch, media ethics and diversity, training/education, diversity in general, ethnicity and national identity, resource for trainers and NGOs DU] Benzakour is van mening dat journalisten en programmamakers uit etnische minderheidsgroepen juist moeten vermijden om teveel hetzelfde te worden als hun autochtone collega’s. Daarmee gooien ze datgene dat hen onderscheid overboord en worden ze minder aantrekkelijk om binnen boord te halen. Hij erkende wel dat het van belang is dat journalisten en programmamakers ook binnen de meer onzichtbare reguliere functies instromen. Daarbij ziet hij wel mechanismen van uitsluiting. [EN] Mohammed Benzakour, journalist and writer, find that journalists and program makers from ethnical minority groups should avoid looking like their autochthon colleagues. They should use their cultural background as an added value.  More colour in media education [DU].doc

Article: Morocco draws up charter of ethics on women's image in the media

Keywords: North Africa, English, media article, gender, media diversity, ethics, guide Morocco has drafted a charter on the image of women in the media, designed as an ethical platform to improve the image of women in the print and broadcast media, and in advertising. The charter follows a new Family Code enacted in Morocco last year and is intended to guarantee women's rights to be portrayed by the media in an objective and professional way, It was developed by several government departments, including the Moroccan news agency (MAP). ( Morocco draws up charter of ethics on women's image in the media [EN].doc

Article: Multi-Ethnic Reporting in Macedonia

Keywords: South East Europe, English, article, good practice, conflict, multiculturalism, report. In June 1995, I traveled to the Macedonian capital or Skopje, where I spent the month helping a team of local Macedonian, Albanian and Turkish journalists conceptualize, report, write and edit a series of articles that would be published in the Macedonian, Albanian and Turkish language press. The aims were threefold: to expose journalists in Macedonia to Western-style reporting during an intensive, hands-on workshop. To create an environment, however brief, in which reporters of different ethnicities from different media could work cooperatively and forge bonds of respect, trust and professionalism. And lastly, to spark interest in future multi-ethnic collaborations that might continue after the project ended and I went home..... (by Denise Hamilton - RD Manual, 1997) Multiethinc Reporting in Macedonia [EN].doc  

Article: Multicultural Broadcasting: concept and reality

Keywords: International, English, social diversity models, ethnicity, media literacy, report/study, print The research examined attitudes towards multicultural broadcasting held by the audience and by practitioners in the radio and television industries. Additionally, attitudes towards multiculturalism within advertising were explored briefly.

Article: Multiculturalism and Journalism in The Netherlands / Multiculturaliteit en journalistiek in Nederland (only in Dutch)

Keywords: Western Europe, Netherlands, Dutch, multiculturalism, media ethics and diversity, report, print [EN] The commotion in the media and politics about the “multicultural drama” shows again how important and topical this subject is for the role of the media and journalists. The report goes in on the journalistic responsibility and the role that journalists play in the Dutch multicultural democracy. Multiculturalism is divided into three layers; knowledge, representation and responsibility.

Article: Muslim schools citizenship warning

Keywords: Western Europe, UK, English, religion, youth, media content, print Independent Muslim schools must make greater efforts to show pupils a British "common heritage", says the education watchdog for England. Ofsted chief David Bell said schools needed to protect the "cohesion" of an inclusive, multicultural society. (BBC) Muslim schools citizenship warning.doc

Article: Muslim voices: Women's views

Keywords: International, English, religion & belief, media content, gender, print What role do women play in Muslim communities - and does wider society focus on the negative stereotypes, rather than the real people? You'll find out something about that on the following BBC article. Muslim voices - Women's views [EN].doc  

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